الاباحة في الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الوضعي
|عنوان||الاباحة في الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الوضعي|
Permissibility and its Status in the Islamic & the Conventional Law
|یو آر آیل|
Permissibility (al-Ibāḥah), Offence, Islamic Law, Mistake, Ignorance, Punishment and Reward
|شکاگو 16||خان، ھدایت۔ "الاباحة في الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الوضعي۔" البصیرۃ 4, شمارہ۔ 1 (2015)۔|
Permissibility (al-Ibāḥah) is a kind of the Islamic law, which gives option to someone to do or not to do something. If something is done by someone under this order, no punishment or reward is liable. It nullifies the delinquency. This paper defines the lexical and technical meanings of permissibility as defined by different Islamic scholars like alShāṭibī, al-Āmidī and al-Ghazālī and the conventional law that how it removes responsibility of delinquency of an act and makes it permissible for person, who does it. Its different kinds and causes for permissibility have been discussed. It has general and particular kinds. It has also been differentiated from insanity: that when a person commits an offense under defective understanding such as childhood, mental illness and in sleeping. These conditions remove someone’s responsibility and one cannot be prosecuted by both the laws. Different rules regarding mistake and ignorance in the case of al-Ibāḥah (permissibility) has been discussed in detail. There are limitations of al-Ibāḥah and if the limits of alIbāḥah are transgressed, then, the act converts into criminality. The author, in this paper, presents a comparative study of the Islamic Law and Conventional Law on the issue of al-Ibāḥah.