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Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms

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Bibliographic Information
Journal Al-Idah
Title Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms
Author(s) Farooq, Muhammad, Naila Nazir
Volume 27
Issue 2
Year 2013
Pages 15-24
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Chicago 16th Farooq, Muhammad, Naila Nazir. "Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms." Al-Idah 27, no. 2 (2013).
APA 6th Farooq, M., Nazir, N. (2013). Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms. Al-Idah, 27(2).
MHRA Farooq, Muhammad, Naila Nazir. 2013. 'Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms', Al-Idah, 27.
MLA Farooq, Muhammad, Naila Nazir. "Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms." Al-Idah 27.2 (2013). Print.
Harvard FAROOQ, M., NAZIR, N. 2013. Zakat on Non-Agricultural Land Plots: Public Awareness and Fiscal Reforms. Al-Idah, 27.
منو دھرم شاستر اور ہندو نظام میراث
معالم السنن میں امام خطابی كا منہج و اسلوب
مشہور مصادر سیرت كے اسالیب كا علمی جائزہ
مولانا ثناء اللہ امرتسری كی تفسیر ثنائی كا اجمالی جائزہ
قرآن كا تصور ارض
مسلم عائلی قوانین سے متعلق فقہاء پاكستان كی آراء
امام جلال الدین سیوطی كی تفسیر میں اشعار عرب سے استشہاد كا علمی جائزہ
تعمیر شخصیت كے جذباتی اجزاء احادیث نبویہ كی روشنی میں
حیل فقہ اسلامی كے تناظر میں
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عہد خلفاء راشدین اور اسلاموفوبیا
تفسیر در منثور میں مذكور بعض موضوعی روایات كا تحقیقی جائزہ
واقعہ غرانیق كا علمی تحقیقی اور ناقدانہ جائزہ
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محمود تيمور كمصلح اجتماعي
An Introduction to Islamic Modes of Financing for Elimination of Interest Based Transactions in Banking Sector of Pakistan
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Abstract

Zakat is although a compulsory obligation in Islam but is not paid compulsorily by the people. There are two main reasons; one is the ignorance about many things on which zakat is due, for example non-agricultural land and commercial plots etc. andsecond, ignorance about the mechanism through which it is paid. Thefirst aspect is related to public awareness and second aspect is related to the fiscal policy being enforced by the government collecting property and wealth taxes thus putting heavyfinancial pressure on the owners of real estate so as to compel them to avoid zakat andpay taxes. The paper explores the level of awareness among the general public about the payment ofzakat on non-agricultural land. Itfurther addresses the question that how the existing revenue structure need to be changed. For thefirst aspect, primary data with n=33 has been collected from the capital city of the province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. For the second aspect the revenue structure of the government is reviewed tofind out the number of taxes on the possession, sale and purchase of commercial or nonagricultural land plots. Since taxes are in no way a substitute of zakat so it is further explored that if the existing taxes are replaced and zakat system would be properly enforced then how much is the net return. In order to estimate this net return, an interview has been conducted from the property dealers and also the figures are taken from government accounts to calculate a sample for the study area that is then generalized for the government returns at large. The results of the study show a high level ofignorance about zakat obligation on plots in the study area. The verdicts of the Islamic scholars also create difference of opinion, however, majority have approved the case in favor of payment. Since there is ignorance and people have to pay taxes so they avoid zakat and just pay taxes. A mechanism is needed for fiscal reforms to ensure the payment of zakat and to stop its substitution against taxes on land plots.

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