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Volume 3 Issue 1

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Rahat-ul-Quloob 
Rahat-ul-Quloob Title Page.jpg
Title Page of Rahat-ul-Quloob July-December 2019
DisciplineTafir, Hadith, Sirah, Fiqh, Sufism, Islamic History
Double Blind Peer Review
LanguageUrdu, Arbic, English
Edited bySyed Bacha Agha
Publication details
HistoryJanuary, 2017-to present
Publisher
Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta (Pakistan)
FrequencyBiannual
Open Access
LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. CC BY
ISO 4Find out here
Indexing
ISSN2520-5021 (print)
2521-2869 (web)
Links
PKR 15000
PKR 10000
علم وآگہی کے میدان میں تحقیق،جستجو، بہتر سے بہتر کی تلاش اور خوب سے خوب تر کی کھوج کا جذبہ ہی وہ اہم عامل اور عنصر ہے جس کے ذریعے انسان عروج وکمال اور ترقی کی تابناک شاہراہ پر گامزن رہ سکتا ہے۔ اس میدان میں فکری وسعت اور ذہنی بالیدگی جہدمسلسل اور عمل پیہم کے ذریعے ہی ممکن بنائی جاسکتی ہے۔مستقل کوشش اور جہد کے بغیر اس میدان میں منزل مقصود تک رسائی تقریباً ناممکنات میں سے ہے۔ اور یہ بھی ایک واقعہ اور حقیقت ہے کہ انسان کو اس کی کوشش کےبقدرمراتب واعزازات سےنوازاجاتاہے،قدرت نے اس قانون میں لچک کی کوئی گنجائش باقی نہیں رکھی،بلکہ ہررنگ ونسل،قوم وقبیلے اور ہرزبان سےتعلق رکھنےوالوں کوایک ہی صف میں لاکھڑاکردیاہے۔

ہرصاحب فہم وبصیرت اور علم وحکمت رکھنے والے کسی بھی فرد کی ،جس نے کسی بھی شعبے میں اپنی توانائی صرف کرکے اس میں کمال اور مہارت پیداکیاہو،یہ فطری خواہش اورتمناہوتی ہے کہ اس کی صلاحیتوں،لیاقتوں اور کوششوں سے فائدہ اٹھایاجائے۔کسی بھی فن میں مہارت رکھنےوالےشخص کواس کی کوشش کاثمرہ اور قیمت اس وقت ملتی محسوس ہوتی ہےجب اس کواس کی کوشش سے دوسروں کوفائدہ پہنچتے ہوئےنظر آئےاوراسی کالازمی تقاضا یہ ہےکہ اسےاس کیلئےایک مستند اور معتمد اسٹیج میسرہو،جس کےذریعے وہ اپنی کاوشوں کو منظرعام پرلاسکے۔ چنانچہ اسی دعوتِ فکروعمل اور خوابیدہ صلاحیتوں کواجاگرکرکےان کو جلابخشنے کیلئے زیرنظرتحقیقی مجلہ’’راحۃ القلوب‘‘کی بنیاد رکھی گئی تھی۔یہ تحقیقی مجلہ بلوچستان میں جہاں ایم فل اور پی ایچ ڈی سکالرز کے تحقیقی مقالات کی اشاعت کا مؤثر ذریعہ ہےوہاں اس میدان میں اس کواوّلیت اور سبقت کااعزازبھی حاصل ہے۔اس سے قبل بلوچستان میں اس طرزکاکوئی تحقیقی مجلہ ناپید تھا۔زیرنظرتحقیقی مجلہ نے بڑی حد تک فقدان کے خلاء کو پرکردیاہے۔قارئین کیلئے یہ امربھی خوشگوارحیرت کاباعث ہوگاکہ آپ کے ہاتھوں میں پانچواں شمارہ ہے،لیکن جس سرعت اور تیزی کےساتھ اس نے خواص وعوام کے حلقہ میں مقبولیت اورپزیرائی پائی ہےوہ ایڈیٹوریل وایڈوائزری بورڈ کےاراکین کےمسلسل ومثبت رہنمائی،مجلہ کےمعیارتحقیق،اس میں شائع ہونےوالےمقالہ جات کاتحقیق کےاعلیٰ معیارپرپورااترنے،دورحاضرکےتقاضوں کوپوراکرنےاور موجودہ مسائل وضروریات کےمطابق بحث کرنےپردلالت کررہی ہے۔ حتی الوسع کوشش رہی ہے کہ مجلہ میں شائع ہونےوالےمقالات ہرطرح سے ضروریات کااحاطہ کئے ہوئے ہوں اورہرقسم کے غیر مفیدابحاث سے خالی ہو۔لہذا ان معیارات کوجانچنے کیلئے مستقل ریویو بورڈ موجود ہے ۔مقالات کو اشاعت سے قبل متعلقہ فن کے ماہرین کےپاس جائزےاورمنظوری کیلئےبھیجےجاتےہیں۔مقالےکےاشاعت کاانحصارسراسرجائزہ لینے،معیار،اصلیت،تعلیمی مطابقت اور تخلیقی بنیاد پر ہوتاہے۔ لہذاتمام محققین، ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن پاکستان کے مطلوبہ قوانین کو مدنظر رکھتے ہوئے اپنے مقالہ جات ارسال کیا کریں تاکہ مجلہ کے مجلس انتظامی کے لئے دشواری بھی نہ ہو اور مقالہ بھی مطلوبہ مراحل سے بہ آسانی گزر کرشائع ہوسکے۔

ڈاکٹر سید باچا آغا

مدیرششماہی تحقیقی مجلہ ’’راحۃ القلوب‘‘کوئٹہ

ریاست قلات میں نظام قضاء کا تحقیقی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: اللہ، رضوان

In Islam the system of Judiciary halds an immense importance the judiciary after faith is counted as an important obligation amongst all other obligations and is eminent and virtous amongst all outs of worships. The virue of judiciary is mentioned at hundreds of places in the Quran and in the Ahadiths. The Progression of the system of judiciary has been hard from the begning of the prophet hood, during the Rashidun ealiphale and is promulgated till tody.

Before the existence of Pakistan there were many states amongst which one was the state of Kalat. Where the Baloch Government was setup in 1530 Meer Ahmed Yar Khan was elected as the Khan of Kalat. Who at the very Beginning laid the foundation of the system of judiciary? The details about this would be discussed in the article ahead.The Government of Balochs was set up in Kalat the foundation of system of judiciary here was first of all laid by Mir Ahmed Yar Khan. First of all juges were appointed in every district.

شیخ الحدیث مولانا سلیم اللہ خان کی تصنیفی خدمات

مصنف/مصنفین: آغا، حیات اللہ، محمد عبد العلی اچکزئی

Sheikh Molana saleem ullah khan was born in Muzaffer Nagar in India. He belongs to hasan pur. He get degree of dura-e-nizami from Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband. In Deoband he received Education of Quran, Hadith and other related sciences through learned scholars of the time which includes Molana Hussain Ahmed Madani, Molana Izaz Ali, Molana Idrees kandahalvi and other religious personalities. After his education he start teaching and served as a teacher in many madaris. He was a prominent and renowned scholar.1n 1967 He laid the foundation of Jamia Farooqia Karachi. His entire services have been so much blessed by Almighty Allah that since its foundation, till now the Jamia has advanced a long way in Islamic Education and related fields which seems almost unbelievable. He left many books which based on his writing and narration of Hadith during different session of dura-e-Hadith. In this Article, I have tried my level best to elaborate sheikh saleem Ullah khan’s services as Author for Islamic literature and specially for Hadith Nabvi(s.w).

مولانا شاہ حکیم محمد اختر: حیات و خدمات

مصنف/مصنفین: داد، خالق

Molana Shah Hakeem Mohammad Akhter was born in 1923 in Partabgarh UP India. He received Medical Education from Unani Medical College Ellah Abad and Islamic Education under a great saint Shah Abdul Ghani Phoolpuri in Madrasa Bait ul Aloom. He was a born Sofi,an eminent Islamic scholar, a great philanthropist, an established writer and a great reformer. He wrote more than 200 books. He also established an Islamic University, Asharaf ul Madaris. Thousands of scholars are his pupils,followers and disciples. He imparted them both Aloom-e-Shareyat and Tareeqat. In 2001 he founded an Islamic NGO naming “Al-Akhtar trust International” for helping the suffering humanity. During these days society was ridden with un-Islamic trends and practices Shah Hakeem Mohammad Akhter emerged to rooted out these evils from the society. It will not be wrong to say that Shah Hakeem Mohammad Akhter like his spiritu-al mentor (Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi) was the real inherent of Ulama-e-deoband. The aim of this article is to present over view of biography and invalua-ble services which he rendered for tasawwuf and noble cause of humanity.

ملازمت کے شرعی احکام: ایک تحقیقی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: درانی، محمد علی، رحمت اللہ اچکزئی

In our society a large number of people are associated with employment ranging from a gatekeeper, soldier, peon, clerk to prime minister, chief of army staff (COAS) Journals, chief justice, secretary, chief minister, doctors and professors all are employees infect. Most of social problems are linked to them, if all of them do their work correctly and honestly then most of our issues can be solved easily. Furthermore growth and prosperity of our economic system is dependent on the betterment of employment. Nations who ever works and shows interest in improving the employment system are the one who pave road for their economic prosperity. As an ordinary person himself needs a worker, therefore if Islamic practices are promoted in different disciplines of employment in human life then Islamic orders will revive and its effect will be seen in other departments as well. Therefore this study focuses and tends to guide Muslims working in employment sector in our society. This will help employed persons not only to up bring the Islamic teachings as well as can be helpful for human beings to guide them about Islam. It will act as a set of guidance for people working in government and non-government organizations, so that an employee could earn a true living under sharia orders and be helpful in promoting and development of a better society.

بچے کی تعلیم و تربیت میں کردارِ ولی کے عصری تقاضے

مصنف/مصنفین: محمود، نسیم، محمد ارشد

This article is about the role and duties of guardian to manage the education of the children and to build up their behavior. So that they may lead the educated, civilized and well managed life and play their role in the development of an Islamic society. The duty of the guardians regarding the education of the child has been divided into four categories, which are education of aticates, religion, reading and writing and general and technical education. The guardians are bound to manage the commercial, industrial and technical education for their male wards and to educate their female wards cooking, tailoring and knitting. Scholastic views of different schools of thought along with their arguments have been discussed in this article.

نظم وضبط میں تنظیم وقت کا کردار: اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں

مصنف/مصنفین: کاسی، محمد افضل، رحمت اللہ اچکزئی

From the very beginning Islam has given great importance to discipline. In every facet of life discipline has a role to play. Today when we delve deep in to our lives, we are amazed as to how it has always proved its worth. It has brought the tide of revolution in everyone's mind. Similarly, the element of discipline saves a society from disruption and instability. It infuses in life satisfaction and contentment. Contrarily, indiscipline and mismanagement give birth to dejection and dissatisfaction. Time management plays a vital role in the establishment of discipline in a society. Considering the vast importance of time management in the light of discipline, the following article throws a great deal of light on it in the Islamic perspective.

بچوں کے عمرانی مسائل: اسلامی تعلیمات اور بین الاقوامی قوانین کے تناظر میں ایک جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: عاربی، محمد مدثر شفیق، سبین اکبر

The way the religion of Islam has emphasized the human rights, might be any other religion has given importance to this very specific topic. Although in Islam, there has no any chapter making been made in Quran and hadith on the permanent bases on the topic of basic human rights, yet if some search is made to find out these Quran and Sunnah, these are also present in expended form in various places and along with these guided principles are also present there. In Quran there is admonition in many places for the protection of human soul, goods and honor as well. Whereas Hadith along with the other various teachings, specifically on the eve of the last sermon known as ( Khutba hajja tul wida) of the Rasool(PBUH) the prescribed charter of human rights is enough to highlight its importance, but no distinctive laws are cited with a special regarded to children. Anyhow, in 18th century, issues relevant to children came into view those also became the cause of many movements and all the countries are formulated unanimous laws which are still being applied. In present era, the social issues of the children are becoming obnoxious severe. On the behalf of these issues their growth, training and many other facts of life are also attention catching. In this article, an analysis of Islamic and International laws with respect to children will be made and those causes will also be cited due to which social issues of children are continuously being generated.

توضیح اصطلاحات فقہیہ: بذل المجہود کا مطالعہ و تجزیہ

مصنف/مصنفین: ھارون، محمد، محمد شہباز منج

Istilahat-e-fiqhia (Juristic terms) is of vital importance in understanding the exact meaning of the Islamic injunctions. Hadith Commentators, therefore, in their Hadith commentaries, ardently explain these terms literally as well as idiomatically. The present article, with the said perspective, studies Bazl al-Majhud fi Hall Sunan Abi Dawud, a multi-voluminous Arabic commentary of classical hadith corps Sunan Abi Dawud by renowned hadith scholar Moulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri. It discovers that Moulana Saharanpuri elucidates the juristic terms with all the methods adopted by the experts of Ilm Lughat, Ilm Gharib al-Hadith, etc. He, in his elucidation, not only gives the inquiries of the experts but also evaluates them and gives his observations. However in some places he just copies the experts and doesn’t comment.

ڈاروِن تھیوری کے مفکرینِ برصغیر پر اثرات: تحقیقی و تنقیدی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: اللہ، عبید

Man is curious. Today he is stepping forward to explore the world and space, but still he is trying to know the answer to the question that how he was made? Qur’an the last holy book of Allah, which provides complete guidance in every walk of life, can give better answer to this question. Besides this many theories were presented by the scientists called evolution theories. One of these theories is “Theory of natural selection” presented by Charles Darwin in 1859 A.D. This theory got a lot of reputation. Qur’anic teachings say that the first human being Hazrat Adam (علیہ السلام) was created by Allah as a complete Man. But this theory states that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce (means there was no Adam on earth as the Father of humanity, which is contrary to Islam).Darwin theory, a non-Islamic theory about the creation of humanity has a great impact over the various thinkers of subcontinent.

This research article attempts to answer the questions that what are the Qur’anic teachings about the creation of humanity on earth? And what are the different evolution theories and their effects on the various thinkers of subcontinent?

حضرت ہندہ رضی اللہ عنہا سے متعلق تاریخی روایات کا تحقیقی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: اللہ، عرفان، انوار اللہ

Some Historians have blamed on Hadrat Hind (R.A) that she mutilated the corpse and chewed the liver of Hadrat Hamza (R.A), which is the cruelty of a specific group of the opponents of Companions. But the Text Book Board of KPK has included exactly these narrations in the curriculum of Urdu compulsory of fifth class. Firstly, this incident was happened before accepting Islam, and when she accepted Islam then there is no blame can be raised upon her on this incident. But definitely, these narrations impact the mind of children. It was necessary to test the authenticity of these narrations before including in curriculum. In this article, some Historical narrations regarding Hadrat Hind (R.A) have been chosen, and some authentic narrations from Ahadith Books have been presented in order to reject these Historical narrations in a scholarly manner.

فتوی اور فتاوی الکاملیہ کا تعارف و اہمیت

مصنف/مصنفین: فیصل، شاہ، رحمت اللہ اچکزئی

The grand system of Islam has foundations in Qur’an and Sunnah of Hazrat Muhammad Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him. Though the system is perfect, comprehensive, and covers all spheres of life, yet it has opened doors for Ijtihad. Ijtihad brings dynamism and movement in the construction of Islamic knowledge and its legal matters. The capacity of Ijtihad was used by the Companions May Allah be pleased with them and the people followed them and is still practiced by Muslim jurists and scholars for sorting out rationally the contemporary challenges. The practice of Ijtihad has given an immense treasure of knowledge in the form of Islamic Jurisprudence, Fiqah which is in cognizance with the human spiritual, psychological, moral and all other needs keeping in view the barriers of time and space. A religious decree Fatwa is the most contributing practice adds to Fiqah. The collection of Fatwa is called as Fatawa.

قاسمی خانوادہ کی دینی و فلاحی خدمات

مصنف/مصنفین: بھدرو، مظہر حسین، محمد عابد ندیم

Qasmi family has delivered uncountable services in the field of patriotism, religious norms and social reforms. Contemporarily, Muslim society seems in doldrums. Therefore, in these poor conditions, efforts done by the Qasmi family are praise worthy. In this contact. Hafiz Said Ameer Qadri Qasmi (1883-1945), Allama Muhammad Shafi Qadri Qasmi (1923-1976), Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi (1916-2006), Allama Haider Shah Qadri Qasmi (1942-2012), Sahibzada Muhammad Ahmad Qadri Qasmi (1973-2012) are the beacon of light in the list of great personalities. Therefore, to fulfill their ancestor's dreams The Al-Qasim Trust is playing an effective role in the society. In this Paper the Services of Qasmi Faimaly will be discus briefly.

علامہ سیوطی کی کتاب لباب النقول فی اسباب النزول کا تحقیقی وتنقیدی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: علی، رضوان، ظہور اللہ الازھری

Islam is a natural and complete code of life for human being. Among the basic sources of Islamic teachings, The Holy Quran is the first and fundamental source. In the field of Islamic studies, Quran discipline has many branches and sub disciplines which assist us to understand the Quran, these sub-disciplines are called “Ulum Al Quran”. “Ulum Al Quran” are divided in hundreds types and Ilm Asbab Al Nuzul” is a very important among these types. The importance of this ilm can be gauged that the scholars and Interpreter of The Holy Quran have written separate books with respect of this ilm. We can see that after Allama Wahidi, Allama Jalaluddin Suyuti has also compiled a value able book named: "لباب النقول فی اسباب النزول"“Libab Al Nuqul Fi Asbab Al Nuzul” on this Ilm. In this article will try to find out and explain the methodology of Allama Jalaluddin Suyuti in his basic and majestic book with narration of its value ability, popularity and necessary introduction.

یورپ میں قرآن کریم کی طباعت اور تراجم کے مختلف ادوار

مصنف/مصنفین: انور، اویس، محمد اسحاق

After Second World War, when the distances between the East and the West began to reduce and the west paid attention to the eastern knowledge seriously. Especially European countries took interests in Islamic subjects and a new trend was generated which is known as Orientalism and the people who acquire the subjective knowledge are being called orientalists. In this connection the orientalists started shown keen interest in learning Islamic subjects and with that interest their object was not to spread the religion Islam but to negate and cancel the true picture of true religion Islam, fear of dominancy of Islam, spread of Christianity and multiple political nations. That is why the first thing they have targeted was the Holy Quran. While X-Prime minister William Evart Gladstone quoted 1882 Till the Quran exists, it is impossible for Europe to down the East .Since then the new era of publication and translations of Quran took place, in which era the treatise and conversion made in various languages differently in different countries which will be discussed in this research article along with the discussion of orientalists who took part in the compositionor translation.

دعوت کے میدان میں تبلیغی جماعت کے مساعی و مشکلات کا تحقیقی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: کاکڑ، فریدہ، محمد مشتاق کلوٹا

Muhammad (PBUH) was the last Prophet. Almighty Allah sent Him message to preach the people, but the Kufar made His enemies. Instead the situation of opposition and hatred from his enemies how He treated them with patience and love .And how He would be able to establish Islamic states and invites the people of other areas towards Islam. Muhammad (PBUH) was succeeded from the reformers of his ummah and among these reformers were the founder of tableghi jammat, Molana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalwi. This research paper will compare the difficulties of Muhammad's (PBUH) Da'wah with tableghi Jammat.

مفتی محمد تقی عثمانی کی معروف تصنیفات و تالیفات کا تعارفی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: ھما، ظل

Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani is one of the leading Deoband Hanafi Islamic Scholars living today from Pakistan. He is the son of late Molana Muhammad Shafi, the grand mufti of Pakistan. He is the brother of Islamic scholars Muhammad Rafi Usmani, Muhammad Wali Razi, Muhammad Razi Usmani as well as of Urdu poet Muhammad Zaki Kaifi. He is regarded as an expert in the fields of Hadith, Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh), Economics and Tasawwuf. He served as a judge on the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan from 1980 to 1982 and the Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan between 1982 and 2002. He is generally known as one of the leading Shariah Scholars active in the field of Islamic finance. For more than a decade he has served as Chairman or Member of Shariah Supervisory boards of a dozen Islamic banks and prestigious financial institutions in various parts of the world. Allah Almighty has blessed him with the writing skill. He has written translations of the Holy Quran in both English and Urdu. He has been writing on various Islamic topics in Arabic, Urdu & English and is author of more than 70 books and numerous articles, published in a number of journals and magazines. In his books, Justice Taqi Usmani has discussed the solutions of individual, collective, social, political and economic problems in the light of Islamic principles. His books are very famous not only in Pakistan but also in India, Malaysia, Bangladesh and many other countries in the world. With this perspective, the present article deals with the introduction of important books of Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani.

نکاح اور پاکستانی معاشرے میں شادی بیاہ کے مروجہ رسوم کا تحقیقی وتنقیدی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: سلیم، محمد

The enlightened and moderated teachings of Islam empowered every one of the human society, specially the woman who used to be much oppressed in all civilizations of the world before emergence of Islam. Islam gave them an elevated status in all over the world in the status of mother, sisters, daughter and wife. It declared null and void the ignorance rules against them and, prohibited their sexual exploitation. Moreover, Islam gave a regular system of nikkah and marriages for women. The holy Prophet peace be upon him declared nikkah and marriage as his Sunnah and kept its procedure very simple. Furthermore, he described marriage as a gigantic source of achieving chastity, but today in Pakistan the marriages have been made very complex and costly because of the unIslamic customs and traditions. Those unIslamic customs became the part and parcel of the Pakistani marriages which not only made nikkah and marriage a difficult task but also devastated the economic, social and the religious life of Muslims. The Pakistani marriages are conducted with such customs of Mehndi, big congregations: Bharat, beating drums and singing songs. The article briefly discusses status of mirages in the pre Islamic era, Islamic concept and importance of nikkah and the new customs practiced in Pakistani marriages and their economic, social and religious impacts by best use of old and new resources.

تأثر الأدب العربي من تعليمات النبي ﷺ دراسة و تحقيقا

مصنف/مصنفین: احمد، خلیل، سردار احمد

It is estimated by studying the history that the imagination of life was limited before the appearance of Islam. A new era started after the arrival of Islam. Revolution came in thoughts and ideas. Every department was effected even poetry, literature and language pleasantly effected. A revolution created in the Arabic literature after the revelation of the Holy Quran even it taught the rituals of representation of emotions along with facial and spiritual beauty to the Arabic literature. Arabic language is full of knowledge and thoughts of whole world today and the axis of Arabic language and literature is the Holy Quran.

The resources of ignorant literature which we get today was collected to save and understand the language of the Holy Quran. For example to eliminate the linguistic flaws, grammar science came into being and rhetoric science came into being to prove Quranic miracle and language and literature came into being to explain the poor words, and Hadith, tafseer, fiqah and other sciences came into being for religious laws. The Holy Quran changed the direction of literature towards justice, service to humanity and support of right and truth and chastity and modesty and God-worship. It gave appropriate dignified styles to explain every topic and invited to work by using reasons and thoughts. Arabic language is effected by the Holy Quran in such a way that it softened the hard and ruthless hearts of Arabs and made the surface wisdom heavy and solid by entering in it. Could not get effected by Holy Quran as the level which prose got benefit. The prose got more shine in the time of Khulafa-e-rashidin when victories increased, boundaries of Islamic state expanded and political and developmental issues increased. It is a fact that Arabic prose got too high as compared to the Arabic poetry due to the Holy Quran

Analytical Study of Dual Banking and Earlier Efforts Towards Islamization of Bank of Khyber in the Light of Shariah

Author: Ullah, Farhad, Qaisar Bilal
The proposal of interest-free banking is very old because Islam restricted the interest base transaction at very beginning after the revelation of prohibition of Interest, noble Quran called it as Riba. This prohibition is of sever nature relatively, Allah says; O you who have believed, fear Allah and give up what remains [due to you] of interest, if you should be believers. And if you do not, then be informed of a war [against you] from Allah and His Messenger. The suggestion for the establishment of such financial institutions that run according to shariah has been put in queue for about centuries. To get rid from the dominancy of conventional banking system, forced the religious scholar to take initiative in this regard and started interest free banking. It was not easy to switch entirely from conventional banking system to Islamic one as for different technical issues, leads the existent banks to start dual banking system. Bank of Khyber is the first Bank of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa operating as dual banking, i.e. Conventional as well as Interest free banking. This study focuses on analysis of dual banking system of bank of KHYBER in order to know the extent of conformity with shariah standards along with highlighting the earlier efforts of it towards Islamization.

Role of Islamic System of Education in Moral Behavior and Spiritual Identity of Muslims

Author: Rashid, Aasia, Farhat Nisar
Humans have always had the curiosity to know themselves, to know the world around them, and to know their place in the world. Morality, spirituality and religion are closely intertwined, ‘certain moral ideas became united with certain religious and spiritual ideas to such an extent as to become indistinct from them’. The role of religion in educational institutions is one of the most sensitive and volatile topics on the political and legal landscape now a days especially in country like Pakistan which has been created on religious ideology. The Islamic Way of Life is based on this unique approach to life and a peculiar concept of man's place in the Universe. Islam has provided mankind with the highest possible standard of morality. This moral code, which is both straightforward and practical, provides the individual with innumerable ways to embark upon and then continues the path of moral evolution. By making divine revelation the primary source of knowledge, moral standards are made permanent and stable. The first part of the paper is about the relationship between education and its role as spiritual and moral tool of training. Second part deals with the concept of education in Islam and third part will present types of knowledge in Islam and their application as moral and spiritual tool of education. Last part will give moral and spiritual training methodology in Islamic education. The relationships between ‘moral’, ‘spiritual’ and ‘religious’ seem to be akin to the relationships between the cluster ‘social’, ‘human’ and ‘political’. In each of these clusters, only beings of the kind appropriately described by the middle term can engage in activities which could be properly described by the first and third terms. Islam as religion of spirituality and morality gives a frame work to educate and train the students in modeling their life as more moral and spiritual with practical application in this life and success in the hereafter. The chief characteristic of the Islamic Concept of Life is that it does not admit a conflict, nay, not even a significant separation between life-spiritual and life-mundane. It does not confine itself merely in purifying the spiritual and the moral life of man in the limited sense of the word. Its domain extends to the entire gamut of life. It wants to would individual life as well as the social order in healthy patterns, so that the Kingdom of God may really be established on the earth and so that peace contentment and well-being may fill the world as water f ills the oceans.