Volume 1 Issue 2
Title Page of The International Research Journal Department of Usooluddin Volume 2 Issue 2
|Language||Urdu, Arbic, English|
|Edited by||Aziz-ur-Rehman Saifee|
Department of Usooluddin, University of Karachi (Pakistan)
|ISO 4||Find out here|
ميں اميد كرتا ہوں کہ ہمارے اساتذه اور طلباء وطالبات اس مجلہ کی كاميابی كے لئے نہ صرف دعا گوہونگے بلكہ آگے بڑھ كر اپنی نت نئی تحقيقات كو سامنے لاكر امت مسلمہ كو فائده پہنچائيں گے۔
مدیر اعلیٰپروفیسر ڈاکٹر عبید احمد خان
Islamic sharia and law is not stagnant and abrogated, but it has flexibility that it could adopt new and modern issues and can get the solution according to Quranic and Sunnah teachings. It means the Ijtehadic aspect of Suunah is unlocked till the Day of Judgment so that it could be attached with the modern Islamic principles and laws, and to find the solution of peoples’ need and concerns that should be compatible with the modern age.
Striving towards solution of the issues is not forbidden but it is required. This is not new Ijtehad but it’s a opinions and consensus of Muslims scholars and Mujtahdeen regarding it that is called Tahqeeq Manat in the language of jurisprudence. The purpose of Ijtehad from the seerah aspect is that we should present the Islamic sharia and law in such a way that it should have balance, while presenting the solution of any modern issue.
Family Business is a very important form of business in this era and especially because of this it merely does not matter the business, but more sensitivity is of close relatives and relationships. That is why it has many administrative, Shariah and ethical complications. That is why, this theme has been created as a field of discussion and research. The most important thing in the family business is to successfully move to the next generation. It is very important to successfully succeed in transferring business towards next family generation. The “Succession Planning” is very important for this purpose. We would like to describe this plan with brief detail in this article. Along with this, whatever is written by Shariah, it will also be mentioned. The most important point is that it should be documented when the business is transferring from one generation to another generation. In this article, you will be able to get special guidance on both aspects of topic: management and sharia law.
Cards are the plastic money of current era, and Kafala by means of their warranty is little much we know about. In this article we will discuss the necessity, use and framework of Kafala for the Debit & Credit cards issued by banks and financial institutes, in the light of Qur’an and Sunnah, Ijma-e-Umma and religious researchers.
Allah has created human being and gave him the power of intellectual understandings. To utilize and make positive use of this Allah sent Holy books for guidance. While, keeping the sequence of these books and the historical evolution of human mind, one can easily recognize the symmetrical progress in both. Human starts living in caves and through his intelligence created homes to live, tools to gain meal, and so on, till todays growth. As far as, evolution of Holy books is considered, Scriptures were revealed in different portions as human at that stage couldn’t write or store on pages or another source. Old Testament was revealed earlier. It is combination of Torah, Psalms and other books. In the context of Islam, Torah was the first book revealed on Hazrat Mosa, in which commandments were given as per the level of Bani Israel. Afterwards, Psalms, containing poetic way inspires Bani Israel after the Torah and the Bible Last Holy book in the generation of Israel, comprises of observational and experiential way, as required in that era. Holy Quran, compiled and final version of all the past version, is summary and elemental book. In which, descriptive, observational, experiential, poetic, logical, argumentative and comprehensive technique are present. These all shows, ultimate intellectual growth of human is being address in Holy Quran. As Human is now intellectually at its peak so the teaching and techniques used are at highest level of literature, showing the step by step evolution and association of Holy books with Human being.
Happy life with chest and purity by the way of NIKAH is based on best marital relationships. If there is no mutual love, affection and complete harmony in the marriage life, then the life of wife and husband become very difficult to maintain. This is one of the key feature of Islam that it has made humans responsible for mutual rights and responsibilities and bound them to follow rules and regulations. By doing so the decent nations of the whole world either Muslims or non-Muslims can achieve countless benefits of the marital status. Therefore, the divorce which the messenger of Allah (peace and blessing of Allah be upon Him) has declared as “Most hated act” in lawful and legitimate acts near the Almighty Allah, must be avoided, even if potential or should be minimized in our society. There are many causes of divorce in our Pakistani society and among the significant lake of proper religious education and guidance, family and domestic disputes, complex judicial system, exchange marriage, negative role of media, adverse effects of cellular phones, improper usage of Internet, extreme and excessive use of social media, second marriage, undue obedience of parents and drug addiction are included.
This article not only indicates the significant causes of divorce in Pakistani society but also describes the details of their procurement. If corrective measures are taken for these root causes, there is a high hope that the divorce rate will be clearly reduced.
The Poem “Ya Salikayah” is a collection of verses. Hazrat Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattavi has compiled it and the main thing is that he has compiled these verses by in keeping with the literature and eloquence and rules. Such a compilation is not just a matter of every ordinary person rather, this work can be done by a person who is well aware of the rules of making of poetry and verses. Hazrat Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattavi was well aware of these rules but he had mastered it.
The thesis writer has described the expression style and thoughts of Hazrat Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattavi in his thesis and also tried to prove that Hazrat Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattavi had special kind of proficiency in Arabic despite he was Non-Arab which can be seen in his these verses. These verses show the special style of Hazrat Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattavi which thesis writer has proven and also proved that he has compiled this collection of verses in the best style. According to the research of thesis writer this poem is not still in the form of a book but in the form of a pen and paper format. And thesis writer has also tried to prove that the thoughts which are in these verses belong to Hazrat Makhdoom Thattavi himself. He used to shape thoughts into ideas before compiling these verses and then used to put his sincere poetry in it and compile it. It is estimated from these verses that it is affected when the audience hears and reads these verses.
Author: Ishtiaq, Sheikh Muhammad, Safia Aftab, Safia Aftab, Aziz-ur-Rehman Saifee
Establishment of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard means supremacy of the dictates of shari‘ah and socio-political justice on earth. This is one of the basic objectives and prominent messages of the Holy Quran and Seerah of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w). About khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard the Holy Quran expresses as:
-وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُم فِي الأَرْضِ … -الَّذِينَ إِن مَّكَّنَّاهُمْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَقَامُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَمَرُوا بِالمَعْرُوفِ وَنَهَوْا عَنِ المُنكَرِ وَلِلَّهِ عَاقِبَةُ الأُمُورِ. -هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَكَفَى بِاللَّهِ شَهِيداً .
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) proclaims:
- وَاَللَّهِ لَوْ وَضَعُوا الشَّمْسَ فِي يَمِينِي وَالْقَمَرَ فِي يَسَارِي عَلَى أَنْ أَتْرُكَ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ حَتَّى يُظْهِرَهُ اللَّهُ أَوْ أَهْلِكَ فِيهِ مَا تَرَكْتُهُ.
The Holy Quran and the Seerah refer to some underlying milestones on the way of religious nations to status of khalafah and tamkeen fin ‘ard. These milestones may be expressed in an order as: da‘wah [preaching], deen [practices of prophetic teachings], hijrah [migration], ma‘iyyat-ul-Allah [companionship of Allah], qital [wars], nusrat-ul-Allah [divine aid], izhar-ud-deen [domination of deen] and khilafah [inheritance of authority]. This is noteworthy that journey of khalafah and tamkeen fin ‘ard begins with da‘wah [preaching towards deen] and passing through various milestones ends up again at da‘wah, as obvious from ayat-ul-istakhlaf quoted above. Therefore, the seekers of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard should strive hard and keep struggling with the work of da‘wah with dedication in all circumstances and all means as per time and place requirements in lined with the modus operandi of Prophets, particularly Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w), instead of awaiting the status of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard as prerequisite to start with the work of da‘wah and establishment of deen. This paper primarily aims to elaborate the milestones of Muslim Ummah to reach to the status of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard. It also cast light on the objectives of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard. This work provides useful guidance to Muslim Ummah in general and Ahlud da‘wah in particular about milestones and objectives of khilafah and tamkeen fil ‘ard