Volume 31 Issue 2

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Al-Idah Title.jpg
English title of the Thirty Seventh Volume of Al-Idah.
DisciplineIslamic Studies, Theology
Double blind
LanguageEnglish, Urdu, Arabic
Edited byRashad Ahmad Saljoq
Publication details
Zayed Islamic Center, the University of Peshawar (Pakistan)
Frequency2 issues per year
Open Access
LicenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. CC BY
ISO 4Find out here
ISSN2075-0307 (print)
2664-3375 (web)
PKR 12,000
PKR 3,000
24 Weeks

خواتین کے ساتھ مروجہ معاشرتی رویوں کا اسلامی تعلیمات کے تناظر میں جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: ضیاء، معراج الاسلام

Women have played an important role in the society sine time immemorial. In our era they are faced with even more responsibility but at the same time are also confronted with a lot of problems. In our part of the world some cultural attitudes still discourage them from getting their established rights. The factors responsible for this phenomenan interalaia include societal norms, orthodoxy and some social customs contrary to Islamic instructions. For instance discrimination against women could be in terms of inadequate nutrition, denial or limited access to education, health and property rights, child labour, domestic violence and forceful marriage. The Islamic instructions, derived from the Qur’┐n and Sunnah, clearly describe women’s rights but, due to some socio-religious customs and undesirable behaviour, her societal status and role has been badly affected. In this paper, some social customs have been analyzed in the context of Islamic instructions in order to provide academic material for bringing positive change in the society.

دال و مدلول کا باہمی ربط و تعلق: عصری رجحانات، قرآن و سنت پر اس کے اثرات

مصنف/مصنفین: القیوم، حافظ محمد عبد

The issue of signification in language is as old as man. Structuralism has changed the relation of signifier and signified. According to the modern approach language is not more than a name of cultural codes, in this way, importance has been given to the signifying system rather than meaning. In Islamic intellectual history, a group of Muslim scholars had an opinion of natural relation between word and its meaning. One of them was Abbas b. Sulaiman a Mutazali scholar. But ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamat scholars’ have different approach. In short, if we have a belief that a society gives meaning to a word then the approach to Shariah and the Quranic injunctions will be interpreted in the light of societal demands. We will have to admit the authority of time, space and society over meaning of the Quran and Sunnah which is against the teachings of Islam

اسلام اور دوسرے مذاہب میں خدا کے تصور کا تحقیقی و تقابلی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: الحق، ضیاء، رشاد احمد سلجوق

The word “God” and its derivatives apparently seen common knowledge. However when the concept of God is studied through various religions, it becomes evident that this word has undergone a prolonged evolutionary stages. Therefore, it may safely be said that this vital concept has evolved and later undergoing through various transformation culminated on the concept of “Tawheed”. This article attempts to present an overview of the concept of God with reference to different religions as this concept of God has remained a focus of man’s activities.    

پشتو زبان میں سیرت النبیﷺ پر اولین کتاب قلب السیر کا تحقیقی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: خان، دوست محمد، سبىن الطاف

Pashto is the national language of Afghanistan and is one of the major languages spoken in KPK, Pakistan. According to a research, it has about seven thousand years old history. The speakers of this language are called Pathan or Afghans. They are, as a nation, Muslims. Its literature contains a vast part of Islamic Studies. The Oldest book on the Biography of the Holy Prophet in Pashto is considered to be “Qalbu Siyyr” . this article presents a research view of this book.

دینی مدارس اور مفکرین کی آراء

مصنف/مصنفین: ملک، نسرین طاہر، محمد طاہر ملک

This article attempts to focus on Maddrassas education setting, its importance, introduction and correspondence with human resource development. The role of this development to create a sound and balanced environment in the society with moral and spiritual values. Firstly the paper addresses education and its functions in general then education from Islamic perspective like teaching especially spirituality and morality. Secondly the role of Madaris in Islamic cultural and traditional awareness through the righteous opinion oflearned scholars

تدوین و مشتملات ارتھ شاستر

مصنف/مصنفین: القدوس، عبد، شہزادی پاکیزہ

This paper describes that the Kautiliya Athashastra is the oldest and most exhaustive   treatise on the governance and administration of a state. Starting with the bringing up and education of the young prince, it proceeds to the appointment of ministers and the organization and functioning of various state departments, including the setting up of a secret service. It then sets forth a code of civil and criminal law. In the matter of foreign relations, it puts before the ruler the idea of a "Vijigisu" (would be world conqueror) and discusses in great detail the various situations he may have to face in his dealing with foreign states, whether  friendly or inimical , and points out how he should conduct himself in every case so as to achieve his goal.

سرکاری مناصب و ذرائع کا ذمہ دارانہ استعمال: تعلیمات نبویﷺ کی روشنی میں

مصنف/مصنفین: عزیز، خدیجہ، حشمت بیگم

Islam is a complete code of life for the humanity. It provides guidance in all aspects of human activity. It guides human being in its economic system, social life, in all worships, in family life and in political set up. State is an institution like others which is a tool for mankind to serve its needs in the best possible ways. Islam does not consider a state designed by Allah and in fact leaves the system open to human intellect, to form a mechanism according to the teachings of the scriptures and needs of the time. The guiding principles of Islam stress on proper utilizations of state machinery and authority to the satisfaction of people and to fulfill dictates of Allah’s directions. Islam forbids utilization of public offices for personal benefits. Islamic traditions instructed that the state officials must learn  from the principle of Islam as exemplified in the state at the city of Medina; it additionaly shaped its characters as well. The present article is an attempt to highlight the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) that he gave from time to time and ensured its applications letter and spirit.

بنیادی انسانی حقوق کا اسلام اور اقوام متحدہ کے عالمی منشور کی روشنی میں تقابلی جائزہ

مصنف/مصنفین: خان، دوست محمد، عبد الرحمن

It has been the norm of the West that they allay the blessings and reforms brought into the world towards themselves as if the rest of the World was drenched into darknessof ignorance. The concept of Human Rights has laso been allayed to the British Magna Carta, though Islam has offered the most complete and comprehensive Human rights foundation hundred years earlier, aboout 600 years prior to Magna Carta. This research article pertains to a comparative study of the charter of Human Rights by UNO  and the comprehensive socio-political and economic sphere of Human Rights by Islam.

مردہ خوری کے حوالے سے فقہاء کے آراء کا تقابلی مطالعہ

مصنف/مصنفین: حقانی، صالح الدین، محمد عادل

Cannibalism (Akl-e-Mayyet) refers to the act or practice of humans, eating the flesh or internal organs of other human beings i.e. corpses. It is also termed as anthropophagy. A person who practices cannibalism is known as cannibal. In the recent past it was reported in the public media that two brothers from Bhakkar (Pakistan) were caught red handed practicing cannibalism. In the article under reference efforts have been made to highlight the status of human being from Islamic perspectve with special reference to their nourishment. This paper also emphasizes a critical study of the opinions of the Jurists regarding human cannibalism.

اسلامی حکومت میں غیر مسلم اقلیتوں کے حقوق کا جائزہ: معاہدات نبوی کی روشنی میں

مصنف/مصنفین: بصری، عشرت حسین، نیاز محمد

Human Rights and Rights of Miorites areattractive slogans in the  global canvas. In the history of human beings many religions, their leaders, empires, and institutions claimed that they provided many human rights to the citizens of their countries, but the truth is that they failed to provide a complete code of rights to their minorities. In this regard the Treaties of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) are a road line for all the Human beings , giving the fundamental rights, specially to non- MuslimMinoritess in the first Muslim state of Madinah. It has been highlighted in the Medina pact, contract with the Christian, people of Najran, letter of protection (Amman Nammah) for the people of Yamman, Maqna, Honain, Khaibar, Eilah, Ummay Hani, contract with Majoos, providing and sending them “ Letter of protection” to the people of Hajjar(Bihrin). There are many sayings in the books of Siah sittah and others giving the rights to the non-Muslim Minorities. This Paper ends by giving main principles of human right and providing some suggestions to solving the non-Muslims issues in mslim state in the light of treaties of the Holy Prophet ( Peace Be Upon Him).

مسیحى دینیات اور بىن المذاہب تعلقات

مصنف/مصنفین: ناز، فرخ

Christianity in itself is a reformative offshoot of Judaism rather than a separate faith. The massage of Jesus Christ was directed at Jews and Jew formed the core of his early follower. In his early stage he was respected, honored and welcomed by his jew community. But as soon as he projected the universalism of Torah (Pentateuch) and declared Judaism as Inclusive religion the community fell in hostility toward him and& nbsp; led him to crucify. In his early theology he gave the message of love, respect and tolerance to the light of a candle in room. The New Testament and it satellite portions unveil his and of his early followers teachings and their theological trend and behavior towards other nations and faiths. In this article the above mentioned teachings and theological policy of Jesus Christ and Saint Paul, an immediate stream him of Christianity has been abstracted from New Testament. It may help today’s Christianity to revise it religious teachings toward Islam and blasphemous behavior other religions and hence minimize the political tensions throughout the world. & nbsp; & nbsp;

التوضيح المفيد لما وصف به الرسم القرآني من التجريد

مصنف/مصنفین: العبادله، حسن عبد الجليل

This research is based on the correction of a common mistake that is used in many of the books and scientific field. It has been spread among many of researchers these days that  the Prophet Mohammad’s (SAW) Companions stripped the Holy Qur’an off the dots and diacritics to cover the aspects of the Holy Qur’anic readings. In the introduction, the researcher talks about the importance of the topic and the reason why it has been chosen. In the first chapter covers the meaning of the terms that the research is based on such as: dots, inserting dots, diacritics and stripping. The second chapter, the researcher mentions the implications of stripping and clarifies its meaning and its effect on the understanding of the researchers at the present time. In the third chapter, the researcher talks about the history of dots, where he mentions and analyzes a number of old inscriptions that are considered as the basis from which Arabic language was developed. In  conclusion, the researcher refers to the most important findings and recommendations.

تأثير الفقر على حياة الشاعر الجاهلي: دراسة تحليلية

مصنف/مصنفین: شاه، ظاهر، يعقوب خان مروت

There is no doubt that poverty is one of the major phenomenon which destroys the entity of the human society and it is also one of the obstacles that prevents the ability and talent of humans to create and innovate in a suitable environment, it also causes the ignorance, mental and social tension, and it also desists human being to strengthen his family ties and make well settled position in the society, it affects adversely the life and mind of humans and forced him to commit crimes and violations in the society.We see that this phenomenon has affected the life of pre-Islamic poet and compelled him on raiding and robbery, so in this article we have tried to highlight the impact of poverty on the life of pre-Islamic poet.

البعد الأخلاقي في سياسة الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم

مصنف/مصنفین: خروب، عبد الحميد عبد القادر

The Arab’s tribes were diverse and were scattered all over Arabia. They were alien to any system, were unfamiliar of any rules and regulations. When the prophet PBUH came to them, He gently handled them, made them lenient, gathered them at the one true platform and eventually he was succeeded in uplifting them into the bondage of brotherhood. He guided them towards the political structure so that they can live under its shadow and follow its rules and regulations. He trained amongst them Preachers, judges, leaders and politicians. He sent his messengers to all the rulers of the worlds. These messengers were able to shake the Persians and Roman thrones which were considered the greatest empires of that time. They all got united against this newly arising force which later brought the greatest revolution in the history of humankind.

The solutions presented by the Prophet PBUH while confronting the challenges in spreading his message,  enjoy the political wit, which is considered far better than the wit of political scholars and political tycoons. His ability of prior reading of the incidents, uncovers his huge potential in his prior dealing of the matters and suggesting its solutions and substitutes. His policies played a vital role in establishing the prior relations with Njashi, and later to facilitate the Muslims during their first immigration towards Abyssinia from the cruelty of the idolaters. Moreover, He chose the best time for the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and Conquest of Mecca. He chose among his companions the one who knew the International languages and sent them as his Ambassadors to the rulers and tribal chiefs along with his written or verbal messages. He addressed the each with the method appropriate to him and suited him the best. He made best use of alliance, as he alienated the Arab tribes, from Jews and the others. In this way he was able to take a huge time to concentrate on those nations and was able to make a lot of allies. In his internal policy matters, he always tried to solve his problems, developing the society and to sabotage the malicious intentions which were planned by hypocrites, who were considered as his most dangerous enemies. His policy towards them was to admit apparently and leaving their unrevealed intentions to ALLAH. He treated them well, because he was anxious on preserving the freedom of all and the unity among his companions. When their malicious intentions started turning to become a threat to the security of Islam and started harming the interests of the society, He had not reply them strongly and dissuasively. He demolished the Mosque through which they were planning to harm the Muslim community. Moreover, he drew a line to their plans of aggression without harming anyone. He was very witty in his policies through which he was able to defeat them in the end. In this way he was able to change the course of the whole history on mankind. In this research we will try to deal with his moral wit which is considered the main characteristic of his policy.

الحديث الضعيف وما يتعلق به من الأحكام

مصنف/مصنفین: شمس، محمد عمران، عطاءاللہ

legitimation among scholars, since they fall to category of hadith dho’if (weak). Therefrom, several scholars argued that we might use them for hujjah mutlaq (absolute argumentation), while some others said it might be wiser not to use them at all. Yet there is also another opinion which said it could be used under special conditions. Based on this, this study aims to uncover and shed light the disagreements above scientifically, as well as to find he differences and the influence of the jurisprudence of law-making (fiqh). Then, the researchers sought to raise a strong opinion based on the arguments presented in the thesis, so which the researchers and or anyone who wants to practice the Hadith may find helpful.

مزیل الأوهام فیما یتعلق بالاحکام عن المخنث والخنثی

مصنف/مصنفین: رحمن، بادشاه، سید مقصود الرحمن

The following research paper focuses on eunuch known in our society as khwaja sara ,Hijra and khusra.It address the majors questions such as who they are? Can they be organized as men or women? In parts of our society they have their rights and duties.This paper deals with issues related to their imamat(leadership),testimony ,punishment and reward,hajj (pilgremage),blood money,inheritance, funeral rituals, Azan, Wazu, bath etc.   

المقال الدينى عند محمود تيمور

مصنف/مصنفین: بشرى، شفيقه، سلمي انجم

Mehmood Taimur، A famous and well known literary figure of Egypt، when started his writing career، besides many literary works، he has penned down many essays too. He has written on different topics including the religious one. His religious writings come in the category of religious essays as their topics are purely religious. His religious essays encompass the following aspects: Love of Religion: He was bred and brought up in a religious family and learnt religious principles. So his essays are imbued in religious spirit. He regards love of religion not a mere part but the very essence of creed. He firmly believes that love of religion and country are the indispensable part of one’s belief. Love of God: His heart was saturated with the love of God. The sighs he heaved from his heart in his religious essays are the clear proof of his love of God. Love of Prophet (PBUH) : He believes that you can never have love of God in your heart without the love of His Holy Prophet. Such kind of love is incomplete. He thinks that personality of the Holy Prophet(PBUH) is the living practical example of Holy Quran. Love of Quran: Mehmood Taimur has made clear that the Quran is the miracle of Holy Prophet(PBUH) . Quran had influenced his heart deeply. He always meditated on Quran and the recitation of Quran after morning prayer was his daily routine. In short having been raised in religious atmosphere، his heart was free of all vices. On seeing such character traits، every reader may infers the conclusion that his s essays are truly religious in their spirit.

Islam and Society: Role of the Departments of Islamic Studies, an Analytical Study

Author: Muhammad, Niaz, Abdul Muhaimin
This study elaborates the connection between Islam and society and the role of Islam in the formulation and reformation of a society. This research highlights the need and the significance of the concept of developing a linkage between the religious and otherwise classes of society. The study primarily focuses on the role and the influence of the departments of Islamic studies in Pakistani universities in defusing tensions and promoting peace and hormony among various classes of society. The study includes an analysis of the visions, mission statements and the objectives of the various departments of Islamic studies in leading universities of the country. The article highlights the system of education in Islam and the problems in the system of education of Pakistan which play a part in the role of the departments of Islamic studies. The research also focuses on the role of the students and the teachers of the departments of Islamic studies in the light of Islamic teachings.

Doctrine of Peace: An Islamic Perspective, an Analysis of the Hindrances in Peace Making Process

Author: Ahmad, Rashid
The present day global community is confronted with several challenges, absence of peace being the biggest one. The UNO and other regional organizations strive hard to achieve this goal. Unfortunately the world is far from achieving the goal of ensuring peace. It is also a fact that in most cases the Muslim world is in turmoil and it is involved or has been involved in one way or another. In order to find out the real causes of unrest, it is imperative to analyze the situation from academic, political, economic and social aspects.  This article deals with first aspect i.e. the academic. It has three parts, in the first part importance of peace has been elaborated in the light of the Quran and the Sunnah. In the second part, importance of peace treaties of the Prophet (PBUH), and one of His successors Umar, the second Caliph, has been brought in to focus. The issue that the foreign policy of Islamic State is based on perpetual peace has been discussed in this part. While in the third part those obstacles have been discussed which have caused to damage the  peace process in the world.

Conceptualizing Poverty in Capitalism and Islam

Author: Khan, Zahoor, Karim Ullah
This study investigates poverty in Capitalism and Islam in terms of both; as an economic ism and as a living ideology. Capitalism as a living ideology, based on its’ philosophical foundations, eventually yields class conflict, deprivation, discrimination and accumulation of wealth in the hands of a few capitalists. Capitalism as an economic ism has become unpopular in the world not only because of socioeconomic injustices but also due to environmental degradation and losses in biodiversity. Theoretical analysis reveals that the built in mechanism (Demand-Supply) of capitalism is incapable to resolve the issue of poverty effectively. Poverty in Islamic context is a pure economic concept which does not affect the social class system and social values of humans. Furthermore, the measurement concept of poverty in Islam is different from the Capitalism. Poverty has been measured based on the minimum prescribed amount (Nisab) postulated by Islam. Various categories of the poor have been identified while benchmarking the minimum prescribed amount. Keeping into consideration the philosophical foundation of the Capitalism and Islamic Economic System (IES) the study reveals that IES has more potential to resolve the issue of poverty on more fair and equitable basis than the Capitalism.

Portrayal of Positive Psychological Capital in Quran

Author: Riaz, Muhammad Naveed, Summaya
The present study aims at exploring positive psychological capital in the verses of Qur’an. Positive psychology is the latest advancement in the field of psychology which focuses on improving the well-being of society. Positive psychological capital refers to the combination of overall qualities of positive psychology that contributes to the well-being and mental health. The present study is based on the content analysis of the verses of Qur’an. Content analysis comprises of three steps including identifying the categories or themes, dividing the information into units or parts and finally rating all the themes in all units. In the first step the researchers identified 41 themes from Qur’an by using committee approach and reading the verses between the lines. All these categories were identified by keeping in view the underlying themes of positive psychology. In the second step 30 units were devised from Qur’an by considering each Part as a single unit. The categories included behavior modification, belief in divine help, brotherhood, bravery, contentment, civility, credibility, encouragement of virtue, emotional regulation, excellence, forgiveness, generosity, gratitude, honesty, hopefulness, humility, justice, knowledge, lawful spending, learning, meaningfulness, mindfulness, moderation, obedience, patience, peace, determination, positivity, prosperity,, repentance, resilience, reward, self-actualization, self-awareness, self-control, sincerity, social leadership, truthfulness, trust, and wisdom. Results suggest that the most prominent category in Qur’an is the reward. Validity of the study was maintained through the selection of the themes with the help of committee approach. Reliability of the scoring system was maintained through partial inter-rater reliability. Overall the present research has many implications in the positive psychology of religion.    

Authoritative Position of Investor and Scope of Liability in Modarabah Contract: Classical and Contemporary Jurists Perspective

Author: Sharif, Muhammad Junaid, Muhammad Ijaz
The position of investor is always questioned once capital is handed over to a working partner (Mudarib). The concerns of investor along with series of liabilities cannot be ignored because Modarabah losses are always transferred or born by him/her. The study highlights the authoritative position of Investor and suggests that investor has full access to impose conditions on Mudarib to safeguard his interest as per shariah rulings. The study debates investor’s position to impose geographical restrictions to restrict the scope of trade, trade policy of working partner (Mudarib) and fixation of time.  Besides, the study discourses the concept of limited liability in context of Islamic law where creditors hold right to personal wealth of the debtors.

Determinants of Employee Health and Happiness: A Wellness Perceptive from Islamic and General Point of View at Public Sector Organizations in Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Author: Qaisar, Muhammad Nawaz, Nasreen Tahir Malik
Islam is the complete code of life and contemporary workplaces are no exception being well positive domain of health and a source of happiness. Healthy and happy employees symbolize healthy and happy organizations. Workplace health promotion is attracting global attention to nurture employee wellbeing and happiness as a catalyst for organizational excellence. This study explore wellbeing perspectives of employee development through a qualitative survey involving 228 employees of selected public sector organizations in Pakistan. Findings highlighted key determinants of employee wellness (health and happiness) calling for a focused and strategic attention of organizational management. Aligned with multidimensional approach to holistic wellness, the participants’ responses were grouped into eight dimensions in the order of importance based on number of coding references; intellectual, physical, financial, environmental, occupational, emotional, social, and spiritual wellness. Outcomes are examined in Islamic perspectives and found well aligned with the teachings of Quran and Sunnah.

Role of Male Teachers in Islamic-Ethics Based Sociability Skills Promotion Among Learners in Government Primary Schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Author: Khattak, Mamoon Khan, Azad Ullah
For the citizen of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Islam is the Ideology of Pakistan. Allah Almighty’s orders are supreme for us, who has created human being as the best creature, our ideal is the Holy Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him whose ethico-moral standards are the best. The research’s main objective is to analyze “role of Teachers in Islamic Ethics Based Sociability Skills Promotion among Learners in the study region”. Now a days the Social workers, Social Scientists and Religious Scholars have a special focus over the individuals’ ethical and sociability skills promotion because these values are having core importance in the societal functioning of the individuals in the Islamic communities globally. The data was collected through interview method. In this study a sample size of 114 respondents was selected comprising of the male & female learners in the District Karak. The research results show that majority of teachers were guiding the learners about ethical values, social relations, sociability skills, effective communication and to have good behavior etc. based on Islamic ethics.

Insecurity in a New Silk Road

Author: Basic, Nehzad
Withdrawal of US-NATO troops from Afghanistan, remains an issue for military operations of new-old participants in the process of further destabilization of the political situation in Central Asia. The process of political destabilization of the region raises many a questions about new relationship between interests of USA, China, Russia and India in this region. Pronounced influence of radical Islamic movements in the broader area of Asia makes this region tremendously important for the further development of global political relations in this part of the world. The crisis in relations between Russia and the West makes reconfiguration of global strategic interests in the region more complex.

Islamic Concept of Crime and Punishment: A Critical Appraisal of Robert Spencer’s Views

Author: Akhtar, Saeed, Ata ur Rahman
Islam caters to people’s need for peace and serenity and therefore takes every legal measure to safeguard the society against disruptive elements. A criminal who spoils the tranquility of a peaceful society deserves to be awarded severe punishment but Islam does not deem it logical to execute punishments before eliminating the major causes for commission of crimes. The following research article describes the attitudes of Western critics of Islam--such as Robert Spencer-- towards Islamic penalties namely amputation and stoning to death. It describes Islamic concept of crime and punishment in comparison with Western concepts and attempts to prove that Islam never loses sight of moderation and inflicts no barbarities. The last part of the research article, through crime statistics of United States of America, proves that the they have disastrously failed to curb violent crimes in their society. Hence it is high time that the world recognized the effective role and deterrent value of Islamic punishments for peace and stability.

The Circumstances Where the Quantum of Punishment Prescribed by Islam for Certain Crimes Can Be Reduced or Enhanced

Author: Qazi, Fazal Ilahi, Humayun Abbas
The crime of theft if committed in unavoidable circumstances like extreme hunger or famine, Hadd punishment shall remain suspended. A crime of Zina if committed in a situation where the life of a woman is in danger because of hunger or thirst and she committed Zina to acquire food items or drinking water to save her life, she will be exonerated from the charges of Zina. In the light of Quranic injunctions, the punishment of a slave girl, if she committed Zina, is half as compare to independent women and the punishment for the wives of the Holy Prophet for committing the crime of fawahish or disobedience (Nushuz), is double as compare to other women. 4.Contrary to this principle, if a respectable person committed crimes under Tazir, he deserves lesser punishment or mere admonition in the light of tradition of the Holy Prophet:(Pardon the wrong done by the nobles of the society”.5.For awarding the punishment of Rajm, if the condition of Ihsan is fulfilled., he/she will be killed by stoning. According to Shiah Imamiah, Allama Rasheed Raza and others , when a person who is once married but due to divorce or separation, is living alone or miles away from his wife and not in a position to enjoy her company. If such person committed Zin┐, he or she will not be awarded the punishment of stoning.6...In the light of tradition, it is not allowed to award death punishment except the following three circumstances. Firstly, if a person, being a Mohsan, committed Zina, .Secondly, after accepting Islam, if a person converted to other religion. Thirdly, death punishment can be awarded in retaliation of murder committed

Which of Abrahim’s Son Was Sacrificed?

Author: Rauf, Abdul
The issue of the sacrifice of Abrahim’s son remain an important bone of contention among the followers of Abrahamic religions. The Jews and Christians believe that it is Ishaq while among the Muslims some opine in favour of Ismail while favours Ishaq. To a common man it seems to be not an important issue whether it is Ismail or Ishaq but when its implications are taken into account then it is of great value to Muslims, Jews and Christians that who was sacrificed? Ismail or Ishaq. In the following pages an effort is made to look the issue in the light of some contemporary researches conducted in the Indo-Pak Subcontinent in the first half of the 20th century. Different positions on the issue are evaluated with the Quran and other holy scriptures and in the contemporary western scholarships.

The Life and Works of Ahmad Deedat: A Muslim Scholar of Christian Bible

Author: Ahmad, Rafiq, Haroon Idrees
Deedat. He debated with Christian scholars on very sensitive topics (from the point of view of Christianity) like ‘Is the Bible God’s Word?’ ‘Was Christ crucified?’ ‘The Quran or the Bible, which is God’s word?’ ‘Is Jesus God?’ and so on and proved almost all the basic doctrines of their faith from their own scriptures to be baseless. Throughout his life, deedat, faced a lot of criticism from non-Muslim scholars as well as from many Muslim scholars but he remained steadfast in his mission, and continuously struggled for preaching Islam through arguments and debates. He is best known as Muslim preacher who remained engaged in numerous intellectual inter-religious open debates with evangelical Christians, as well as video lectures, most of which relates to Islam, Christianity, Judaism & the Bible.

Exploring the Role of “Jihad” in the Establishment of Universal Peace

Author: Sahibzada, Habib Ilahi, Zahid Shah
Jihad is an umbrella concept of Islam, but unfortunately, nowadays it is misused both as a terminology and practice in a very narrow sense. The concept of jihad is crystal clear in Islam but it has been made dubious by certain schools of thought for achieving their vested interests. Consequently differences of opinions about the definition of jihad emerged not only among the masses but also in the circles of the learned ones, hence, no agreed upon definition emerge. Due to this, questions are raised like whether jihad is synonymous to terrorism? or what is the fundamental role of jihad in establishing universal peace? What is the modus operandi of jihad? But so far, no scholarly effort has been made to hammer this issue out in an unbiased and objective manner. Whatever has been done consist more on either argumentative encounter or defending one’s own ideological stance. For that reason this research article attempts to carry out an objective analysis of the role of jihad in the establishment of universal peace. It is hoped that this attempt of intellectual pursuit will not only be a source of guidance to the common people but will also open new avenues for research scholars in this field.

Murabaha Financing in Pakistan: A Practical Islamic Banking Aspect

Author: Farooq, Muhammad, Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmed
Modes of financing in Islamic banking system are generally categorized as Sharaiah based financing like Musharakah, Mudarabah and Shariah compliant financing like Murabaha , Ijarah etc. Islamic banks should have adopted and promoted Sharaiah based financial instruments but instead they have been predominantly using Sharaiah compliant modes especially Murabaha due to some valid reasons. The aim of this paper is to highlight and know the level of satisfaction of the clients, businessmen, entrepreneurs, professionals, academicians and Islamic banking experts of the prevalent structure and use of Murabaha by the Islamic banks in Pakistan.