Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings

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Bibliographic Information
Journal Al-Basirah
Title Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings
Author(s) Sultana, Munazza, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Volume 4
Issue 1
Year 2015
Pages 59-74
Full Text Crystal Clear mimetype pdf.png
Keywords Western Enlightenment, Muslim Society, Islamic Teachings, Enlightenment movement.
Chicago 16th Sultana, Munazza, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. "Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings." Al-Basirah 4, no. 1 (2015).
APA 6th Sultana, M., Zia-ul-Haq, M. Z. (2015). Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings. Al-Basirah, 4(1).
MHRA Sultana, Munazza, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. 2015. 'Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings', Al-Basirah, 4.
MLA Sultana, Munazza, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. "Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings." Al-Basirah 4.1 (2015). Print.
Harvard SULTANA, M., ZIA-UL-HAQ, M. Z. 2015. Perceptions of Pakistani Society About Western Enlightenment: An Analysis in the Light of Islamic Teachings. Al-Basirah, 4.

Abstract

The study was conducted to examine some of the important questions raised by both the religious scholars and the proponents of the Enlightenment movement. The purpose of the study was to interpret enlightenment in Western and Islamic context and to examine the impact of western enlightenment on contemporary Pakistani society in the light of Islamic teachings. The study was quantitative in nature. Survey was conducted to probe into the perceptions of the Pakistani people regarding impact of western enlightenment on various aspects of contemporary Pakistani society. The sample of the study was 1000 people from four provincial headquarters of Pakistan including male and female from urban and rural areas of the provincial capitals. Two research instruments were developed by the researcher based on review of the related literature. First was a questionnaire named WEBI, Western Enlightenment Beliefs Inventory; second was a checklist named WEKAPC, Western Enlightenment Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Checklist. Results showed that most of the respondents were of the view that western enlightenment exerted significant influences on their thinking, lifestyles, and education, culture, media and social practices. Majority of the respondents thought that western enlightenment emphasized on tolerance, cultural harmony, equality, social justice and independent thinking. Gender-wise comparisons indicated that male respondents were more positive towards western enlightenment than the female respondents. It was recommended that Pakistani society needs to be made aware of the philosophy of western enlightenment and Islamic values which are characteristics of western enlightenment movement. There is need to initiate interfaith dialogue to understand socio-cultural dynamics of a Muslim society and a western society.

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