Volume 24 Issue 1
English title of the Thirty Seventh Volume of Al-Idah.
|Discipline||Islamic Studies, Theology|
|Language||English, Urdu, Arabic|
|Edited by||Rashad Ahmad Saljoq|
Zayed Islamic Center, the University of Peshawar (Pakistan)
|Frequency||2 issues per year|
|License||Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. CC BY|
|ISO 4||Find out here|
During the Dark middle ages of Europe, The Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) established the first ever Islamic state, in the Arab soil, at Medinah. The successors of the Prophet, known as Khulfa-i- Rashideen (the Glorious Caliphs) not only maintained it rather they extended with further development. The Caliphate was not only a model statefor the world but also a unique one with respect to its political appratus, principles and the governance. This paper discovers the same uniqueness of the Caliphate in past and modern perspective.
ABSTRACT The Proper approach to the Quran can be described in three stages: first, receive the message of the Quran by hearing or reading it Second: understanding the message of the Quran by reflecting upon it and studying its meaning third: apply the message of the Quran by ordering your personal life as well as the life of Society according to its message. The branch of Knowledge called "Ulum al Quran" my be used as a means for the accomplishment of the second stage, understanding the message of the Quran by understanding its setting and circumstances, Muslims have from earliest times, applied themselves not only to the message from Allah. The Quran, but also to its setting and framework, and the preoccupation with these ultimately developed into the "Knowledge" about the Quran. In this paper, there are a number of matters related to the study of the Quran to which / have drawn special attention, and also highlighted
ABSTRACT: "The word "Ablagh" means to convey, to transfer, to communicate the term "Tableegh "is derived from this word. In the Holy Quran the words like "Tableegh" "Da’wa" "Inzar" and "Tabsheer" have been used for communication purpose. "Tableegh" means to persuade someone for the good deeds and prohibit him from the bad forbidden things. Tableegh is a process in which someone is invited sincerely towards an noble cause. In the Holy Quran Tableegh has been declared "Farz"(something which all the followers are supposed to do as binding) for all the Muslims. In the modern era the ways of communication are enormous and varied. The most important are the electronic and print media. Television, computer and radio, on the one hand and books, magazines and the newspapers on the other hand, play their respective role. Recently internet has emerged as the most important organ to address the people. Hence these current modes of communication should be reviewed according to the Seerah ofthe Holy Prophet (P. B. U. H) .
ABSTRACT Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babur founded the Mughal Dynasty in 933 Hijra (1526 A. D) . The golden period of this magnificent dynasty ended with the reign and death of sixth emperor Aurangzeb Alamgheer in 1119 Hijra (1707 A. D) , then started a long period of chaos and conflict which ended in 1274 Hijra (1857) with the dethronement of Bahadur Shah Zafar, which also ended the long rule of Muslims and Mughals from the Sub-Continent. During this period of political, social, intellectual and moral decline, many Ulama (religious scholars) and Fuqaha (Jurists) contributed to Usool-e-Fiqh and wrote good books in this field, even though most of the work was related to the commentary, explanation of the previous books on the same topic. The paper discusses the period of 13th century Hijra in chronological order and discusses the written contribution (not oral) ofscholars and jurists ofSub-Continent only
ABSTRACT: The hall mark of Shah Waliullah has been advocate moderation and the communal spirit of Isla shuns worldly attitude and abhors rejection of the wor and offers a middle path. There is no extremism in Isla and Shah Wali Ullah has preached the same. The juris the Sufis and the Muhaddisseen have taken up a differe line of thinking regarding "Tassawwuf" --- yet th essential spirit of Islam is the path of moderation. T spiritualism and physical world has to be kept in balance— with moderation and balance. It is this aspect of Sha Waliullah's writings that has been highlighted in th article.
ABSTRACT: Qazi Ayaz was one of the great scholars in the Knowledge of Hadith. He enjoys a unique status in his memory, narration and understanding of Hadith. He has vast knowledge of chains of Hadith, its transmitters, and their biographies. For acquiring this high position he always travelled to get the Hadith from its well-known experts, and used utmost care in getting the authentic chains of transmitters, so much so that he is considered an authority among the great scholars ofHadith. The methodology of Ayaz in the science of the transmission of Hadith is based upon research, accuracy and authentication ofthe text. He considers the science of transmission and narration. The origin and essence in authenticating the Hadith. He was strict in the criticism of the text of Hadith and emphasized on the narration of the Prophet’s words instead of allowing the narration of the meanings, unlike the other scholars of Hadith. Hence he held some special views, due to his long experience in Hadith. Some of his views are about: The comparison with the original hearing. The appropriate age while transmitting Hadith toothers. The omitting ofrepeated words in Hadith. The usage of the marks of dialect in the text ofHadith. The permission in narration ofthose Hadith about which he himselfdoes not have permission
ABSTRACT: Fundamental aims of Islamic culture include welfare, happiness and progress of human society. Human being was created as the representative of Allah. Both man and woman are required to play an imperative role for the cause of serving humanity in a better way. No progress in the field of culture can be possible unless and until woman plays her divergent role in the society. Islam raised the status of woman to a great extent. She has been given rights to property, rights to take part in economic activities, rights to choose life partner, rights to determine his financial requirements and to overcome these and an honorable social status which was not given by the prior and other contemporary cultures and societies. It is a matter offact that woman occupied an important place during the Islamic Era andplayed an active rolefor the uplift ofSociety. In this article, I have tried to bring out the importance of the role of woman for the development of Islamic Culture and improvement ofan Islamic Society.
ABSTRACT: Right from inception, man faces temptations from Satan and therefore wefind an evil -edge (a sinning tendency in mankind) . Islam with its vitalizing energy curbs this evil influence successfully. Hereby a review of killing/murder of Muslims is given with necessary background. A layout ofthis article is asfollow: 1. The literal and idiomatical definition of Murder in view ofthe sayings of Religious scholars. 2. Five kinds ofMurder in the light ofstatements of religious scholars. 3 Religious Orderfor the murder under the commandment ofQuran and Sunnah. 4. Faraai and Zaili orders regarding to murder. 5. Sources and reasons of murder. 6. Losses of murder. IAJ'IJT
ABSTRACT: This paper establishes a novel breakthrough in my world pioneering academic theory of unfolding the miracles ofIslam in Mathematical Sciences. Ofparticular significance is the humble step on the way of computing the First Minimum Newtonian Approximation (FMNA) of the distance between the lobe of the ear and the shoulder ofone of the bearer angels of the Divine Throne of Allah the Almighty according to the approved correct speech ofProphet Muhammad(p) . The paper makes an effort to illustrate that at the top level of human intelligence, even numbers, dimensions, spaces and all other forms of human knowledge would definitely prostrate in full submission to the greatness ofAllah, the most exalted.
Author: Gilani, Sayyid Muhammad Yunus
ABSTRACT: Kashmir became a part of the Muslim World in the 14th century C E. Under the local Sultans (1325-1585) , the Mughals (1586-1752) and the Pathans (1752-1819) , it developed into a state and society with its own peculiar Islamic culture. Kashmir was colonised by the Sikhs (1819-46) from the Punjab and the Hindu Dogra Maharajas (1846-1947) . The Muslim Kashmir stood for Islam through the freedom movement during this period. When the movement under the banner of Islam was at its apex and it seemed that the mahkutn (colonised / enslaved) Kashmir was about to achieve the goal, India ( Bharat) , a newly born nation (Aug 15, 1947) , invaded it on Oct. 27, almost 3 months after her own birth. Since then this newly emerging occupying -power through its policies of political deceit, cultural aggression, economic onslaught and delslamizing educational schemes has given rise to the problem of the IOK (Indian Occupied Kashmir) . The paper narrates the story of the past up to 1988-uprising & throws light on the oppression, persecution and discrimination that the Muslim Kashmir has been witnessing. The form offreedom-movement that followed from 1947 to 1989 is also outlined. In 1989 Jihad Kashmir, a new phase of the movement that invited the attention of the world begins. The paper helps to understand the background ofthe genesis ofthis new phase
Author: Muhammad, Niaz, Dost Muhammad Khan, Mamoon Khan Khattak, Imran
ABSTRACT: Pakistan is an Islamic country based on Islamic ideology where society has an emotional attachment with religion, hence an expanded network of Dini Modaris [traditional institutions of Islamic learning] is prevailing in urban as well as in rural areas of the country; where the teaching- learning process remains continue in a traditional way. While on other hand, at the same time, modern education system is followed by government and non-government run institutions. These two different systems with different ideologies and pedagogical techniques have produced two different social classes with different world views about the way Pakistan should be managed. This situation of education system is worrying. In an Islamic welfare state, ideally speaking, serious efforts are required to be done in order to eliminate the gulf between the two systems entirely having antagonistic approaches. In such perspective, this paper is aimed to study the efforts and practical steps, taken for the reforms and development of Dini Modaris by various governments ofPakistan as per their policies.
Author: Khan, Zahoor, Muhammad Farooq, Asmat Ullah
ABSTRACT: The paper aims to analyze the behavior of Islamic consumers that how they can get the maximum possible satisfaction in divine constraints. Islamic consumers ought to be socially conscious economic agents. They will always take into consideration that what their consumption means for the rest of the society? In the Islamic theory of consumption, we essentially look for both “religious success and personal gains”. Islam believes in aggregate welfare but at the same time it does not ignore personal gain i. e. maximization of personal utility or profit. A rational Islamic consumer will never spend all his money on material goods for maximization of his own utility. He will allocate some portion of his earning towards spending in the way of Allah (S. W. T) , thus the total utility for an Islamic consumer can be decomposed into two parts; material utility plus eternal utility. We have assumed that eternal utility is at least as good as worldly utility (U, >Um) ¥ \ye conclude that total utility derived from spending on material goods pluseternal utility derivedfrom spending in the way of Allah (SWT) will be at least as good as utility derivedfrom theincome of the consumer allocated towards theconsumption of material commodities only. Finally, wemay conclude that based upon the satisfaction of needs indivine context, resources will be allocated towardsIslamically valid, humanly productive and economically efficient goods and services.
Author: Malik, Zahid
Translation is a separate genre and should be treated as one with its specie set of issues, nuances and problem. The Islamic scholars face a peculiar set of problems as their root-medium is Arabic and it is from Arabic to the other languages--- that conversion words a translators' main job are hard to find. The following article is an effort to highlight the set of problems and issues faced by Muslim non-Arab translators while dealing with the medium of Arabic language.