Volume 1 Issue 1
Title page of the Al-Tabyīn Volume 3 Issue 1
|Edited by||Muhammad Ameen|
University of Lahore (Pakistan)
|Frequency||2 issues per year|
|ISO 4||Find out here|
یونیورسٹیوں کے شعبہ ہائے علوم اسلامیہ سے تحقیقی جرائد کا اجراء ایک احسن روایت ہے۔ دی یونیورسٹی آف لاہور میں شعبہ عربی و علوم اسلامیہ کی ابتداء اگرچہ 2014ء میں ہو گئی تھی اور ابتداء بھی ایم فل سے ہوئی اور پھر اس کے بعد 2016ء سے پی ایچ ڈی کا آغاز بھی ہو گیا تو خیال تھا کہ تحقیقی جریدہ کے اجراء اور علمی کانفرنسوں کے باقاعدہ انعقاد کی طرح بھی ڈالی جائے۔اس میں بوجوہ تاخیر ہو گئی تاہم 2017ء میں تحقیقی جریدہ ’التـبيـين ‘کی بنیاد ڈال دی گئی اور اس کا پہلا شمارہ زیور طباعت سے آراستہ ہو کر آپ کے ہاتھوں کی زینت ہے۔ہماری کوشش ہو گی کہ یہ جریدہ باقاعدگی سے آپ تک پہنچتا رہے۔
اس جریدے کے لیے ہم نے نہ صرف ہائر ایجوکیشن کمیشن کے قواعد و ضوابط کی پابندی کی ہے بلکہ اس سے قطع نظر بھی اس کے علمی و تحقیقی معیار کو بلند کرنے کی سعی کی ہے۔ مضامین کا تنوع بھی ان شاء اللہ قاری کو جاذب نظر لگے گا جس میں علوم القرآن، حدیث،اصول فقہ،عربی زبان و ادب،اسلامی تعلیم اور نظریۂ پاکستان پر مضامین شامل اشاعت ہیں۔ ہم اہل فکر و نظر سے درخواست کریں گے کہ وہ نہ صرف اپنی تحقیقات ہمیں ارسال فرمائیں بلکہ ہم اپنے کام پر ان کے نقد و تبصرے کو بھی خوش آمدید کہیں گے تاکہ اس کے معیار کو بلند کیا جا سکے۔
مدیر اعلیٰمحمد امین
مصنف/مصنفین: القادر، حمید اللہ عبد
Religious extremism is not only threatening integrity of our society but has also posed a serious challenge of law and order in Pakistan. It has also become source of terrorism involving international conspriracies.Thus it is dire need of the time to reflect open the issue of religious extremism in our society. In this paper we will endeavor to diagnose the reasons leading to this extremism, the teachings of the Prophet (SAW) to discourage religious extremism and sectarianism and would suggest guidelines to evolve a methodology to eliminate religious sectarianism and extremism from our society.
Education plays a very important role in the life of individulals, society and the state. Dawa, tarbiya and modern media are also considered informal parts of education. Edcuational issues being confronted by the Pakistani community today are not mere outcome of recent government policies but are rather extension of legacy of our colonial past. Aligarh is the symmbol of Westernized modern education advocated by pro-West Sir Syed Ahamd Khan whereas Deoband is the role model of religious education sponsored by the religious elite of that time. The former is deprived of religious education and tarbiya while the latter ignores secular knowledge and skills.The need of the hour is that we get rid of this educational dichotomy and develop an holistic educational system integrating healthy aspecths of both these streams so that graduates of general and modern education do benefit from religious norms; and graduates of religious education are also well aware of modern knowledge and skills. We will discuss these issues in this paper in perspective of Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi’s reflections on this topic.
The formatted initiatives of history of Arabic literature are, as ancient as illiterate era. The age had plenty of almost all literary arts, although it were not in the managed shape like Islamic and mode eras. This age had both the literary arts i.e. poetry and prose. The first one was given full attention for hearing, singing and remembering, while the prose was about to be ignored in these aspects. Despite of done practice, some prosaic arts were orally noted and copied generation to generation. Later on, the arts were put down in their proper chapters with the development of the literature in omade and abase tenures. Some varieties of the prosaic arts are hereby introduced with explanation of its historical background, famous authorities, necessity and samples. This research contains on three sections with research study of three main arts; phrases, golden words and addresses. This research is made in descriptive manner in Urdu language. The purpose is, to make Urdu literates know the limitations of Arabic prosaic arts of illiterate era. Thus, it will be a new addition for Urdu literates and writers.
Ijtihad is an invaluable secondary source of the Muslim jurisprudence. In Islamic law, ijtihad refers to the independent interpretation of problems not precisely covered by the sacred scripture of Islam, Qur’an, and Prophetic traditions. The savants who undertake ijtihad must be firmly rooted in knowledge and savvy what the demands of the contemporary era are. Since new challenges call for innovative solutions, the faithful cannot genuinely live by Islam without their jurists deriving the laws of sharia from its sources.Whenever complications arose in a Muslim community, the complication which the primary Islamic sources did not address, their religious leaders came up with answers drawn from the Qur’an and the Sunna. Thus a huge body of the Muslim jurisprudence evolved from the efforts of scholars. In the present time, on certain social, economic, religious and political issues the Muslim jurisprudence proposes scant support. However, adequately qualified jurists, in the light of the divine inspiration of the Qur’an, may come up with solutions to the current challenges by exercising original thinking.The present dissertation deals with the legal status of ijtihad and investigates how ijtihad may be exercised in our time.
In this article the role played by the Muslim religious scholars in the Pakistan Movement has also been discussed. The most prominent among such scholars were Molana Mazharuddin Malik, Molana Shabeer Ahmad Usmani, Molana Ashraf Ali Thanvi, Molana Zafar Ahmad Ansari, Mufti Muhammad Shafee, Molana Ikram Khan Bengali, Molana Ahmad Raza Khan Brailvi, Molana Naeem Uddin Muradabadi, Molana Azad Subhani, Molana Abdul Hamid Badauni, and Molana Abul Ala Maududi.
At the end, an analysis of the ideology of Pakistan has been presented in the light of the excerpts taken from various speeches and statements made by the Quaid during 1938 and 1948. It shows that the Quaid wanted to make Pakistan an Islamic state governed by the teachings of Allah Taala. He wanted to make it a model Islamic state to convince others to realize that the commandments of Allah are practicable and are a means of salvation from hurdles and hardships.
Shaykh Muhammad Nasiruddin Albani is known as the famous scholar of the twentieth century AD. He served in Hadith for almost 60 years. He has also some particularities in the hadith’s research in which he apposed a lot of scholars. The most important of them is that he has said that some Ahadith of Sahih Bukhari and Sahi Muslim are weak. Similarly, in contrast to the previous muhaddiseen, some weak traditions have said correct and some reliable narrators as weak. Apart from this, there are two particularities of him that are very important in the research world. One is that he has explored many of unknown Ahadith and secondly he has divided the books of Hadith into two parts; weak and accurate. Some detail of these particularities is presented in this article.
Languages are considered God-gifted and human being is far superior in linguistic skills as compared to other creartures. Language is associated with the civiliztion and demise of a language leads to death of that civilization. The words and phrases of a language are the outcome of spicfic epistemologisal environment of a civilization and cannot be used in the same mining in any other languge.
Arabic, the language of Quran, has unique charastaristics whiche no other language has. Simiraly, the Quran is superior than all other revealed books in all respects. A critical analyses and evaluation reveles that Quran is the word of Allah as claimed by it, by the Prophet (SAW) and by the Muslims; and its accuracy, authenticity and sanctity is acknowledged by its friends and foes and no other revealed book can compet it in this regard.
The correct recitation of the Quran depends upon correct spellings is based on "Ilm al-Rasm" and accurate reading depends upon "Ilm al-Dabt". "Ilm al-Dabt" is divided into “Nuqat al-A’rab” and “Nuqat al- A’jam”. “Nuqat al-A’rab” mean the signs which throw light on ‘al-Harakah’, ‘Sukun’, ‘Tashdid’ and ‘Madd’ etc. “Nuqat al-A’jamm” implies the signs which remove the confusion found between letters and cause the phonetic and facial recognition different letters. So dotted letters are titled “Mu’jam” and dotless letters are named as “Muhmal”. This paper deals with “Nuqat al-A’rab”. Initially, the Quran was without these signs. This science was developed first time in the period of Amir Muawiah by Abu al-Aswad al-Duali in the shap of rounded dots. Later on these dots were replaced with appropriate signs by Khalil bin Ahmad al-Farahidi. These signs were given different names. Ilm al-Dbt gained a little controversy but the majority of scholars appreciated it.