Volume 3 Issue 2
Title Page of Bannu University Research Journal in Islamic Studies
|Double Blind Peer Review|
|Language||Urdu, Arabic, English|
|Edited by||Irfan Ullah|
University of Science and Technology (Pakistan)
|Frequency||2 issues per year|
|ISO 4||Find out here|
Author: Rahman, Ata ur, Saeed Akhtar
It is incontrovertibly true that Islam advocates peaceful coexistence with the adherents of other creeds. The holy Qur’an, the primary source of Islamic Shari‘ah, vividly recommends freedom of conscience and religion. Similarly, the prophet (SAW) , being the perfect role model for the entire humanity, preached and practiced the lofty ideals propounded by the holy Qur’an and peacefully coexisted with the followers of Judaism and Christianity. Furthermore, the four rightly guided caliphs exhibited tolerant attitude towards their Jews and Christian subjects. In the presence of these models, nonetheless, many contemporary critics of Islam are disinclined to admit this explicit reality. Robert Spencer also sees eye to eye with them. Robert Spencer is an American author and he has published twelve books. He is a member of Melkite Greek Catholic Church. He looks on Islam as a highly intolerant religion. In this connection, he singles out Muhammad’s (SAW) treatment of various Jewish tribes. He maintains that all Jewish tribes viz. Banu Na╔hir, Banu Qaiʽn┴q┐ʽ and Banu Qurai╔ah “received the wrath of Muhammad”. This brief study aims to prove that the treatment meted out to the Jews was not founded on religious prejudice and malice; it was rather commensurate with their wicked demeanor.
Almighty Allah created Ãdam and made each and every thing of this Universe in his order to take interest and use it well. But he also made some laws also to follow that he can avoid many mishaps. He sent Prophets for proper guidance of mankind and empowered them with Books containing the laws and instructions according to the need of hours. But Islam is the complete code of life and it has to remain in the world till the last day the Day of Judgment. Islam protected the life and honor of men & women in each and every stage of life. Islam has given all the rights to a woman which a man enjoys at any stage of life. Islam is the supporter of equality among the all human beings and wants to reduce differences made by men themselves so it allows relationships between followers of all religions. Especially among religions. So allowed to get merry with women of other religions like Jews & Christians, the followers of sacred books. By this action it wants to reduce gap among human beings. Islam also allows those women who got married with Muslims to act in their personal lives according to their own religions.
Upbringing of children is a significant job which is carried out at homes, day care centers, formal and informal schools or institutions. Proper and socially acceptable change in the behavior of young children is needed in every society as per the social, cultural, regional and religious requirements. Different viewpoints are expressed in this regard especially about the use of corporal punishment in upbringing of children. This viewpoint is supported by some people while opposed by other at the same time. Islamic and Bible literature also provides guidance on this subject. The current paper deals with the Corporal punishment of children from the Islamic, Bible and contemporary points of view.
Like all the physical diseases, which are fatal for a body, all the ethical weaknesses, like avarice, rampage, and malignity are also most harmful for a man. But, amidst these, envy is the malady which, apart from personally, also affects badly the whole society. Individually, the victim of envy suffers from a high psychological troubles and inner becomes subjected to many diseases. The reaction of envy firstly attacks the envier, rather than the envied person. There can never come affection or consolidation in the society which contains this moral disease: envy. That is why, the Holy Quran directs us to seek refuge from the envy of an envier. The Holy Qura’n says: ( Say, I seek refuge) from the evil of an envier when he envies. The Holy Prophet said: Avoid yourselves from envy, it eats one’s good deeds such as a fire eats the wood.
The higher objective of Islamic law based upon entire blessing play an important role in construction and rein formation of the human society. the expert of Islamic law have classified the three descending categories of importance: the ╕arr┴riyyah (the essential) , the ╓┐jiyyah (the complementary) and the Ta╒s┘niyyah (the desirable or the embellishments) . this article briefly explain this terminologies. The basic principles of benefit and harms as per the Islamic law along with description of the underlying purposes, with the care purpose of safeguarding the society against all evils.
Almighty Allah does not leave a person free that he do what he wants like animals, but Almighty Allah made some rules for human which must be followed and obeyed by the man. In the same way some rules are declared for eating and gives permission for eating Halal and forbid Haram. No one religious in the world permission its followers to eat everything whether it is a Divine religious or non-Divine. Things which are useful for human are declared as ╒alal and things which are harmful are declared as ╒aram whether those things are related to sea food, birds, animals, insects or anything else. In this article, it is tried to compare the rules for the ╓ilat- o- ╓urmat of these things and to describe the similarity and differences of three main religions Islam, Christianity and Judaism.
Embryology is such an academic discipline which was based upon the Qura’nic revelation purely and its details were provided by The Holy Prophet (SAW) whereas the scientists remained totally unaware of its intricate details until twentieth century. It was the time when they discovered various stages of the creation and development of fetus inside the mother’s womb and after examination of all these stages through various scientific instruments they openly admitted that Qura’nic verses about fetal development are absolutely accurate. Their acknowledgement is a strong evidence of the authenticity and veracity of The Holy Qura’n for scientific minded people. Not only this but these embryologists also admitted that the information provided in the Holy Qura’n and the A╒adith of The Holy Prophet (SAW) helped them a great deal in formulating the basic hypotheses of their research. So, these scientific discoveries are clear proofs of the miraculous character of Holy Qura’n. The current article is an effort to elaborate the link of modern embryology with the details given in the sacred literature of Islam.
In globalization and information age, Sustainable development is a contemporary issue to protect future generations. Islam is not only a religion, but also a guideline for whole life and is based on divine principles of Shari‘a that also address sustainable development to mankind. Indeed many values and principles that have been central to Islam are inclined towards prosperity of people and development of society. On other hand Industrial revolution brought a huge destruction on the earth because in capitalist system people are self concerned rather than society. Islamic social responsibility teaches lesson of unity and called a mankind an ummah (community) and a moderate ummah, who is not allowed to make any mischief on the earth. Everything on the earth is gifted by Allah to the mankind and man is the deputy of Allah and become a steward (khal┘fah) for the earth, now it is his responsibility to save the world from any harm. The main objective of this research is to present the principles and applications of Islam in sustainable development debate especially on ecological aspect.
In this article different era of ╓anaf┘ School of thought is discussed in which it is mentioned that ╓anaf┘ School got the general acceptance among people after the initial three stages of its Origination which lays the foundation of its Evolution and Promotion. First era is known as the era of “ Zahir ul Riw┐yah” renaissance starts from Hazrat Imam Ab┴ ╓an┘fa and moves on up to his disciple Hassan L┴lo’ (204 A.H.). There is no book found under the authorship of Imam Abu Han┘fa but his disciple R┐shid Al Mohammad has written various books. Some famous renowned books under the authorship of Im┐m Muhammad are Al J┐m‘ Alkab┘r (الجامع الكبير), Al J┐m‘ Al Sagh┘r (الجامع الصغير), Al Siyar Al kab┘r(السير الكبير), Al Siyar Al Saghir(السير الصغير), Al Mabs┴t(المبسوط) and Al Ziy┐d┐t(الزيادات). Second era is known as Mas┐’l-e Naw┐dir. Books like Al-Kais┐niy┐t(الكَيسانيات), Al-H┐r┴niy┐t(الهارونيات), Al-Jurj┐niy┐t(الجُرجانيات) and Al-Ruqiy┐t(الرَّقَّيات) are written under the authorship of Imam Muhammad during this era are consists of new topics that are not mentioned in the written books of earlier period.
The state of Bahawalpur was founded in 1802 by Nawab Mohammad Bah┐wal Khan II. After the establishment of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, the state opted to accede to the new dominion of Pakistan, with effect from 7 October 1947. It was merged into the province of West Pakistan on 14 October 1955. Bahawalpur has always been a seat of higher learning. Uch Shar┘f, a nearby ancient town, had one of the largest universities where scholars from all over the world used to come for studies. As a continuation of that tradition, J┐m‘a Abb┐siya was established in Bahawalpur in the year 1925, following the academic pursuits of Jamia Al-Azhar, Egypt. The renowned scholars spread Islam by teaching Tafs┘r of Qura’n, Hadith, Fiqh, and History along with other contemporary subjects. The establishment of Jamia Abb┐sia and the arrival of religious scholars in Bahawalpur bear witness that it is a scholarly and traditional state and it has been proved as a place of protection for educational, cultural and historical traditions. In this article we have tried our best to reveal the educational and historical services of Scholars of Bahawalpur.
Islam is not a mere set of worships but it leaves no stone unturned to guide its followers regarding the social conduct be it politico-legal, socio-cultural or economic etc to name a few. The interest-based transactions have been categorically rendered impermissible and unlawful by virtue of Quranic injunctions and authentic ahadith. In this article the issue of interest based transactions – Muslim to Muslim, Muslim to non-Muslim and vice versa, a Muslim resident of a non-Muslim state and a Muslim non-resident of a non-Muslim state – has been discussed in detail in the light of Quran, hadith and juristic rulings of the eminent Islamic scholars including the great four imams.