Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan

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Bibliographic Information
Journal Rahat-ul-Quloob
Title Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan
Author(s) Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh Sheh, Yusuf Haji-Othman
Volume 3
Issue 2
Year 2019
Pages 1-06
Full Text Crystal Clear mimetype pdf.png
Keywords Management Information, Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, Genetic Approach
Chicago 16th Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh Sheh, Yusuf Haji-Othman. "Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan." Rahat-ul-Quloob 3, no. 2 (2019).
APA 6th Yusuff, M. S. S., Haji-Othman, Y. H. (2019). Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan. Rahat-ul-Quloob, 3(2).
MHRA Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh Sheh, Yusuf Haji-Othman. 2019. 'Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan', Rahat-ul-Quloob, 3.
MLA Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh Sheh, Yusuf Haji-Othman. "Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan." Rahat-ul-Quloob 3.2 (2019). Print.
Harvard YUSUFF, M. S. S., HAJI-OTHMAN, Y. H. 2019. Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan. Rahat-ul-Quloob, 3.
کوئٹہ کے مراکز افتاء اور ان کی کارکردگی
حقِ انتفاع و انتفاعی ملکیت: ایک فقہی تحقیقی جائزہ
ہبہ مشاع اور غیر مشاع میں قبضہ
شرعی امور میں آسانی اور سہولت کا تصور، قرآنی احکام کی روشنی میں
محدثين كے ہاں قراء ثلاثہ كا مقام و مرتبہ اور علم حديث ميں ان كى خدمات
دینی پروگرامز میں موسیقی کا حکم اور اس کا جائز متبادل
احکام القرآن میں اسلوب تفسیر اور امام جصاص پر نقد: تجزیاتی مطالعہ
بائیو ٹیکنالوجی اور اس کے اثرات، دینی و اخلاقی پہلو
اقتصادی بحران اور ہنگامی صورتحال پر قابو پانے کیلئے سیدنا عمر کے اقدامات کا تحقیقی جائزہ
غرر، سلم اور استصناع کی حقیقت
وھبۃ الزحیلی بطور فقیہ: الفقہ الاسلامی وادلتہ کا مطالعہ
وکالت کی تحقیق فقہاء کرام کی نظر میں
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دور العرب فی ازدھار الثقافۃ الاندلسیۃ الاسلامیۃ واسبہ
Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan
Combating Religious Extremism in Pakistan from the Youth Perspective
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Worldly Portent of Face Uncovering and Women’s Dilapidation: A Comparative Study in Context With Quranic Injunctions
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Abstract

The development of works in the field of Quranic interpretation has grown rapidly in this age. The work in this field has been written in various major languages of the world such as Arabic, English and Malay. The resulting works contain a lot of information quoted from the works written by previous authors. For example, the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan written by Muhammad Said Omar contains a lot of information quoted from Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Baydawi and Tafsir al-Jamal. Nevertheless, this study found that the information was widely quoted by the author until there was an inaccurate information being referred to by him. Therefore, a method or system should be practiced so that the information contained in the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan can be managed well as well as avoid the mistakes of readers. One way to manage these resources is to identify the original work referred to by the author. The analysis of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan used the genetic approach which was published by Goldman in studying the origin of the resources. This study referred the text from Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan and the texts of works that became author's references, which are Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Jamal, Tafsir al-Baydawi, Tafsir al-Khazin, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Razi, Tafsir al-Nasafi, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir al-Tha’labi, and made a comparison of the texts to detect the similarities and differences. The result of the analysis proved that Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id implemented five methods; which are quoting the text in parallel, writing an abstract, removal of some of the words, adding explan-ation, and refuting part of the text. This study also revealed the purpose of Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id while creating his work is to strengthen the translations written. Thus, he successfully strengthens translation when the contents of the text are parallel to the reference. However, in certain places existed a text from the author's references contradicts with the content of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, which failed his attempt to strengthen the translation in certain part of the text. ABSTRACT:


The development of works in the field of Quranic interpretation has grown rapidly in this age. The work in this field has been written in various major languages of the world such as Arabic, English and Malay. The resulting works contain a lot of information quoted from the works written by previous authors. For example, the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan written by Muhammad Said Omar contains a lot of information quoted from Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Baydawi and Tafsir al-Jamal. Nevertheless, this study found that the information was widely quoted by the author until there was an inaccurate information being referred to by him. Therefore, a method or system should be practiced so that the information contained in the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan can be managed well as well as avoid the mistakes of readers. One way to manage these resources is to identify the original work referred to by the author. The analysis of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan used the genetic approach which was published by Goldman in studying the origin of the resources. This study referred the text from Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan and the texts of works that became author's references, which are Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Jamal, Tafsir al-Baydawi, Tafsir al-Khazin, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Razi, Tafsir al-Nasafi, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir al-Tha’labi, and made a comparison of the texts to detect the similarities and differences. The result of the analysis proved that Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id implemented five methods; which are quoting the text in parallel, writing an abstract, removal of some of the words, adding explan-ation, and refuting part of the text. This study also revealed the purpose of Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id while creating his work is to strengthen the translations written. Thus, he successfully strengthens translation when the contents of the text are parallel to the reference. However, in certain places existed a text from the author's references contradicts with the content of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, which failed his attempt to strengthen the translation in certain part of the text.


Key words: Management Information, Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, Genetic Approach.


Introduction:

The writings of Islamic works and translations into the Malay language have grown tremendously since the coming of Islam to Nusantara regions (Malaysia, Thailand, Brunei and Indonesia) , which have covered various fields and branches of knowledge such as fiqh, aqidah, tafsir, hadith, and Sufism, among others. The writings and translations by previous Islamic scholars have remained as important sources of reference and are still used by contemporary scholars for academic purposes. It shows the success of previous Islamic scholars who produced writings which have not only attracted the interest of the public but also have benefited them. One of the Islamic scholars was Haji Muhammad Sa’id bin Omar Qadi Jitra al-Qadhi who produced a book in the field of Tafsir in the Malay language entitled Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan (Omar, 1970) .


Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan has been a reference in understanding Qur’anic verses not only by the public but also contemporary scholars who have used it as a teaching material. This invaluable piece of work has given a contribution to the knowledge of the public at large so much so that scholars are attracted to study and examine this work from various aspects such as history, language, the influence, and stature of the author.


Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan is also one of the books on Tafsir al-Qur’an, which is still being used as a teaching material and reference today especially at Pondok institutions, mosques, and musollas. Pondok institutions such as Pondok Tuan Guru Haji Bakar at Parit Panjang, Baling, Kedah and Pondok Tuan Guru Haji Salleh Musa at Sik, Kedah have been using the book as the teaching material for their weekly teaching. However, there have been criticisms on the content of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan by certain sections of the public. Some of them opined that this book has its shortcomings because in the writing of this book, the author does not mention any citation and uses many unjustified opinions in his tafsir (Zaim, 2010) , so much so that the public should be careful when reading Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan (Taib, 2003) .


Since Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan has been used as a teaching material in the Tafsir al-Qur’an and a reference by the public at large in understanding verses of al-Qur’an, then efforts to refine this piece of work should be made. This study is one of the efforts which attempts to refine sources of reference and intercon-nections betwen the original text and other Tafsir texts using genetic approach. This will answer the aforementioned problem statement. The objective of this study is to examine Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan in order to examine whether there exist the influence of other texts on the text of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan using genetic approach. This study focuses on the application of genetic approach on the text of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan as an early effort towards the refinement of the text which contributes to improving the invaluable work. Since the author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan mentioned that he referred to works in the field of Tafsir while in the process of writing (Omar, 1970) , this study focuses only on Tafsir works. From the perspective of methodology, this study employs library research and field study using subjective approach to examine data descriptively and qualitatively.


Research Methods:

The genetic approach applied to examine how a work give the impression to the other work. The appearance of a work cannot be separated from works that preceded it. By using the genetic approach, the research was conducted by reviewing the works that became author's references in Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan.



Table 1


The Works Referred By The Author

Work Sabab Nuzul Al-Hadith Al-Israiliyat stories abrogater & abrogated excellence T


Total

Tafsir al-Jalalyn 100 42 25 24 1 192
Tafsir al-Jamal 49 8 106 3 6 172
Tafsir al-Baydawi 13 5 11 0 2 31
Tafsir al-Khazin 25 7 26 1 1 60
Tafsir al-Baghawi 0 8 4 0 0 12
Tafsir al-Tabari 0 4 0 0 0 4
Tafsir al-Qurtubi 7 12 4 0 2 25
Tafsir al-Razi 5 4 0 0 1 10
Tafsir al-Nasafi 1 2 0 0 0 3
Tafsir Ibn Kathir 0 8 0 0 0 8
Tafsir al-Thalabi 0 0 3 0 0 3
Total 200 100 179 28 13 520

The genetic approach was introduced by Goldmann (1967) who suggests this


approach through an article entitled “The Sociology of Literature: Current Status and Problems of Method” and also his book entitled “Towards a Sociology of the Novel” in 1975. This approach was instituted by it aims to detect the influe-nces which have affected the work of arts that developed at that time by making a comparison between one's influence with the influence of the other. The approach involves three genetic pattern which are Resource Study, Intermediate Study and Acceptance Study (Sohaimi, 2001) .


Results and Discussion:

The researchers analyzed the original source of sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) , al-Hadiths, al-Isra'iliyyat stories, al-Nasikh and al-Mansukh (abrogater and abrogated) , and the excellence of al-Quran contained in Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan. This study found that there are 11 works that are the author’s reference i. e. Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Jamal, Tafsir al-Baydawi, Tafsir al-Khazin, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Razi, Tafsir al-Nasafi, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir al-Tha’labi as shown in Table 1.


Table 1 displays the data that has been analyzed and found that Sheikh M. Sa'id refers to the text of Tafsir al-Jalalyn in producing Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan of 192 texts i. e. 36. 92%, Tafsir al-Jamal 172 texts which ie 33. 07%, Tafsir al-Baydawi 31 texts ie 5. 96%, Tafsir al-Khazin 60 texts ie 5. 96%, Tafsir al-Baghawi 12 texts ie 2. 30%, Tafsir al-Tabari four texts i. e. 0. 77%, Tafsir al-Qurtubi 25 texts i. e. 4. 80%, Tafsir al-Razi 10 texts i. e. 1. 92% Tafsir al-Nasafi three texts i. e. 0. 57%, Tafsir Ibn Kathir eight texts i. e. 1. 59%, and Tafsir al-Tha’labi three texts i. e. 0. 57%.


From the aspect of the transformation and the modification of the original text, the author has implemented five methods; which are quoting the text in parallel (code 1) , writing text abstractly (code 2) , removal of some of the words (code 3) , adding explanation (code 4) , and refuting part of the text (code 5) . That methods are more easily seen based on table 2 below.



Table 2


The Methods Are Applied By The Author

The Methods Sabab Nuzul Al-Hadith Al-Israiliyat stories abrogater and abrogated excellence Total
Code 1 125 61 54 13 8 261
Code 2 75 36 125 15 5 256
Code 3 74 56 103 6 8 247
Code 4 46 16 36 4 2 104
Code 5 4 3 11 0 0 18
  • Quoting the text in parallel (code 1) . The author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan applied this method when explaining sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) 125 times, al-hadiths 61 times, al-Isra’iliyyat stories 54 times, al-Nasikh and al-Mansukh (abrogater and abrogated) 13 times and the excellence of al-Quran eight times. The total number of this method applied are 261 times.
  • Writing text abstractly (code 2) . The author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan applied this method when explaining sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) 75 times, al-hadiths 36 times, al-Isra’iliyyat stories 125 times, al-Nasikh and al-Mansukh (abrogater and abrogated) 15 times and the excellence of al-Quran five times. The total number of this method applied are 256 times.
  • Removal of some of the words (code 3) . The author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan applied this method when explaining sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) 74 times, al-hadiths 56 times, al-Isra’iliyyat stories 104 times, al-Nasikh and al-Mansukh (abrogater and abrogated) six times and the excellence of al-Quran eight times. The total number of this method applied are 247 times.
  • Adding explanation (code 4) . The author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan applied this method when explaining sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) 46 times, al-hadiths 16 times, al-Isra’iliyyat stories 36 times, al-Nasikh and al-Mansukh (abrogater and abrogated) four times and the excellence of al-Quran two times. The total number of this method applied are 104 times.
  • Refuting part of the text (code 5) . The author of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan applied this method when explaining sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the revelation of the Quran) four times, al-hadiths three times and al-Isra’iliyyat stories 11 times. The total number of this method applied are 18 times.




Conclusion:

The genetic approach was introduced by Lucian Goldmann (1967) , a French writer. Genetic approaches capable of detecting influence that has influenced the production of a work by making a comparison between one text with other texts. The genetic approach involves three patterns namely Resource Study, Intermediate study and Acceptance study. This research shown there are 11 works becomes author's references, which are Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Jamal, Tafsir al-Baydawi, Tafsir al-Khazin, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Razi, Tafsir al-Nasafi, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir al-Tha’labi.


The result of the analysis proved that the author implemented five methods; which are quoting the text in parallel, writing text abstractly, removal of some of the words, adding explanation, and refuting part of the text. The study also reveals the purpose of the author while creating his work is to strengthen the translations written. Thus, he successfully strengthens translation when the contents of the text are parallel to the reference. However, in certain places existed a text from the author's references contradicts with the content of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, which failed his attempt to strengthen the translation in certain part of the text.


Suggestion:

This study hopes that readers will no longer be confused with the information contained in Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan. This is because all sources of reference and the excerpts made by the authors have been overwritten and explained in detail.


References:

al-Baghawi, A. M. (1988) . Tafsir al-Baghawy. al-Riyad: Dar Tayyibah.


al-Baydawi, N. M. (1996) . Tafsir al-Baydawi. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.


al-Jamal, S. U. (w. d) . Tafsir al-Jamal. al-Qahirah: Isa al-Babi al-Halabi.


al-Khazin, A. I. (1979) . Tafsir al-Khazin. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.


al-Nasafi, A. A. (1999) . Tafsir al-Nasafi, Madarik al-Tanzil wa Haqa’iq al Ta’wil. Bayrut: Dar Ibn Kathir.


al-Qurtubi, M. A. (2003) . al-Jami’ al-Ahkam al-Qur’an. al-Riyad: Dar Alim al-Kutub.


al-Razi, F. D. (1981) Tafsir Mafatih al-Ghayb. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.


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Goldmann, Lucian. (1967) . The sociology of literature: status and problems of method, volume XIX, no. 4. International Social Science Journal.


Ibn Kathir, I. U. (1999) . Tafsir al-Qur’an al-Azim. al-Riyad Dar Tayyibah.


Omar, M. S. (1970) . Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan. Fatani: Matba’ah Bin Halabi.


Sohaimi, A. A. (2001) . Kesusasteraan Bandingan: Perkembangan, Pendekatan Praktis. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn. Bhd.


Taib, M. I. (2003) . Israiliyyat Dalam Tafsir: Kajian Terhadap Kitab Nur al-Ihsan, Karya Haji Muhammad Sa’id bin ‘Omar. Master Thesis. University of Malaya.


Zaim, M. N. (2010) . Kajian Takhrij Hadith Dalam Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan. Master Thesis. Universiti Sains Malaysia.

References