Volume 1 Issue 2

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Title Page of Al-ʿilm.jpg
Title Page of Al-ʿilm Volume 1 Issue 1
DisciplineIslamic Studies
Double Blind Peer Review
LanguageUrdu, Arabic, English
Edited bySyeda Sadia
Publication details
History2017-to present
Institute of Arabic & Islamic Studies, Govt.College Women University, Sialkot (Pakistan)
Frequency2 issues per year
LicenseNot menteioned
ISO 4Find out here
ISSN2618-1134 (print)
2618-1142 (web)
26 weeks
علمی و تحقیقی مجلہ "العلم "کے پہلے شمارے کی کامیاب اشاعت کے بعد اس کا دوسرا شمارہ شائع کیا جا رہا ہے۔العلم کا دوسرا شمارہ بھی پہلے کی طرح دس مضامین پر مشتمل ہے۔ چھ اردو، دو عربی اور دو انگلش میں مضامین ہیں۔ پہلا مضمون "قرآن کا صیغہ نہی اور عائلی منکرات "ہے۔ عائلی معاملات میں ان ممنوعہ امور سے بچ کر زندگی کو خوشگوار بنایا جا سکتا ہے۔ دوسرا مضمون "مقام نبوت و رسالت: کتب مقدسہ کی روشنی میں (تجزیاتی مطالعہ) "ہے۔ اس مضمون میں تمام الہامی کتب کی روشنی میں مقام نبوت و رسالت کو بیان کیا گیا ہے۔ تیسرا مضمون "معاصر تعلیمی نظام میں "مار نہیں پیار" اور تربیت اولاد کا نبوی منہج "ہے۔ جس میں آج کے معروف تعلیمی نقطہ نظر کا سیرت طیبہ کی روشنی میں جائزہ لیا گیا ہے۔ چوتھا مضمون " خواتین کی اخلاقی تربیت: سیرت حضرت عائشہ سے اخذ و استفادہ "ہے۔ اس میں عصر حاضر میں خواتین کی اخلاقی تربیت کے لئے سیرت عائشہ کو بیان کیا گیا ہے۔ پانچواں مضمون " شریعت کی حقیقت و تعبیرات( افکار مجدد الف ثانی کا ایک فنی زاویہ نگاہ) "ہے۔ اس میں حضرت مجدد الف ثانی کے افکار کی روشنی میں شریعت کی حقیقت پر بحث کی گئی ہے۔ چھٹا مضمون " قاعدہ استصحاب کی حجیت پر اہل سنت اور اہل تشیع کی آراء کا تحقیقی و تقابلی مطالعہ" ہے۔ اس میں مضمون اصول فقہ کے عنوان استصحاب پر بحث ہے۔ اس اصطلاح کی تعریف اور اہل سنت و اہل تشیع کا تقابلی جائزہ پیش کیا گیا ہے۔ ساتواں مضمون" اللغة الإنجليزية وأثرها على اللغة العربية الإعلامية دراسة تحليلية "ہے۔ اس میں انگلش زبان کے عربی صحافتی زبان پر اثرات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ ہے۔ عربی صحافت کے حوالے سے یہ مضمون انتہائی اہمیت کا حامل ہے۔ آٹھواں مضمون" أدب الأطفال عند السيد أبي الحسن علي الندوي" ہے۔ اسمیں بچوں کے آداب پر گفتگو ہے۔ نواں مضمون " Critical Study Of Moral Teachings Of Islam And Buddhasim For Promotion Of Global Peace" کے عنوان سے ہے۔ عصر حاضر کے تناظر میں عالمی امن کے فروغ میں اسلام اور بدھ ازم کی اخلاقی تعلیمات کا مطالعہ ہے۔ دسواں مضمون "Contemporary Debate On Peace, Politics And Religion: A Quranic Perspective" کے عنوان سے ہے ۔ امن، سیاست اور مذہب سے متعلق عصری مباحثہ – قرآنی نقطہ نظر سے مطالعہ ہے ۔ العلم کے دوسرے شمارے میں ڈاکٹر سیدہ سعدیہ نے ادارہ عربی و علوم اسلامیہ کی انچارج اور " العلم " کے مدیر اعلیٰ کی حیثیت سے ذمہ داریاں سنبھالیں اور علمی و تحقیقی کاموں کی طرف بھرپور توجہ دی اور العلم کے بہت سے امور سر انجام دیے۔ سیالکوٹ اور گورنمنٹ کالج ویمن یونیورسٹی سیالکوٹ کی تاریخ کی پہلی انٹرنیشنل سیرت کانفرنس کے انعقاد کا کام بھی شروع ہوچکا ہے۔ امید ہے کہ ان کی قیادت میں علم و تحقیق کا یہ سفر بطریق احسن اور بر وقت طے ہوتا رہے گا۔

علم قراءت اور محدث تابعينِ قراء كرام: قرآن، حدیث اور تاریخی تناظر میں تجزیاتی

مصنف/مصنفین: الحئی، عبد، ریاض احمد سعید

The Holy Quran is one of the most vibrant fields of knowledge in Islamic Sharī’ah because it is the primary source of Islamic Law and teachings. It has many sub-fields and branches of knowledge. One of the most significant fields of the Holy Quran’s knowledge is ‘Ilm al-Qira’at (Science of Qurānic Variants). It means the recitation of Quran in various styles, accents, methodology and approaches. According to deeper Islamic perception of Knowledge the Holy Quran was reveled in seven Ahruf (accents, meanings, phrases and styles).This Knowledge ultimately deals with these styles and methodologies. The wise and faithful companions of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) get more and more expertise under the divine leadership of the Kind Prophet (pbuh). After it the nearest era of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) is the era of Tābī’n (Successors of the Companions of the Holy Prophet). They worked hard and get more height and boom in different domains of knowledge of Islamic Sharī’ah. They served every field of Islamic sciences and knowledge but emphases on one of them and became (leader) Imam of it.

The honorable companions of the Holy prophet (pbuh) which get wisdom and knowledge directly from the Holy Prophet (pbuh) convey and deliver it to the respected Tāb’in and they made it most perfect and productive knowledge of the human history with their hard working and pure intentions . They had deeper knowledge of Quran and Hadith both but some of them had specialization in Qurānic sciences and some had specialization in Hadith and Seerah Studies. Contrary to this, some of them are included in Muhaddīthīn but they had deeper knowledge of Tafsīr and Qir’āt studies. This study examines the services and contribution of those Muhddīth Tābī’n which have special knowledge of Ilm al-Qira’t (Qurānic Variants) with its skills. Keywords: ‘Ilm al-Qira’at (Qurānic Variants), Muhddīth Tābī’n, services & contribution

معاصر تعلیمی نظام میں "مار نہیں پیار" کا تصور اور تربیت افراد کا نبوی منہج

مصنف/مصنفین: العلیم، عبد

The idea of less punishment is accepted internationally and very rapid implementation is observed as in various countries the strong punishment like death sentence is avoided. Likewise a slogan of "Love rather than punishment "is implemented within Education Department of Pakistan .The history of last few years proved that the said slogan affected our moral training and education process very badly. As there is no fear of punishment naturally a person diverts towards easiness and ultimately goes towards laziness. To save the nation from this alarming situation, it becomes necessary to obey the teachings of Holy prophet (PBUH) about the training and educating the human being. In these teachings the combination of love and fear is the basic element of the social training. Both of the methods have importance, love creates interest and fear of punishment develops the habit of hard working. This Islamic principle is a universal truth because the success is the result of interest and hardworking of the individuals. Therefore the slogan of "Love rather than punishment must be avoided, as it has negative effects upon the personality. The golden teachings of Holy Prophet (PBUH) which have the positive effects upon the personality and are proved to be the need of the day.

شریعت کی حقیقت اور تعبیرات: افکارِ مجدد الف ثانی کا ایک فنی زاویہ نگاہ

مصنف/مصنفین: الازہری، نعیم انور

Reality of Interpretation of Sharya When we analyse the preaching of religion by the Holy Prophets (peace an blessing of Allah be upon them) in the background of history of mankind, we come to know that Allah Almighty offered at least a Shari'ah (a code of social, moral and religious conduct) to every Prophet or bound them to a Shari'ah previousl preached by another Prophet before them. Shari'ah is, in fact, based upon the principles and practices to lead life. There had been at least some differences in the Shari'ah different Prophets with regard to the difference of their time and place. It is a proven fact that the followers of a Prophet had always been bound to follow the Shari'ah of their own Prophets. The Shareeya of the Prophet of Islam (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) is absolutely consummate in every respect and it also fulfills the needs of all times to come. It is because of the fact that Mujtahidin who kept on resorting to Ijtehad. The topic under consideration is an intellectual research analysis of the efforts of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi in the field of Ijtehad in the history of Islam.

خواتین کی اخلاقی تربیت، سیرت حضرت عائشہ سے اخذ و استفادہ

مصنف/مصنفین: تحسین، فاخرہ، محمد ارشد

Islamic teaching insists on good moral values .Holy Prophet (PBUH) `s life was an excellent example of morality. He teaches his companions to adopt good moral values. Hazrart Ayesha (R.A) played an important role in developing moral values among the females of his time. After the death of Holy Prophet (PBUH) she devoted her life for the education and training of Muslim women. She conveyed the message of Allah and His Prophet ,regarding moral values, to the masses.

قرآن کا صیغہ نہی اور عائلی منکرات

مصنف/مصنفین: مجاہد، سمیعہ، نسیم محمود

قرآن پاک میں متعدد احکام نازل ہوئے ہیں جن میں کچھ احکام ایجابی(اوامر) ہیں اور کچھ سلبی (نواہی)، ایجابی احکام یا اوامر سے مراد وہ احکام ہیں جن میں کسی کام کے کرنے کا تقاضا کیا جاتا ہے اور سلبی سے مراد وہ احکام ہیں جن میں کسی کام کے ترک کرنے کا تقاضا کیا جاتا ہے ۔ قرآن کے سلبی احکام یعنی قرآن کا صیغہ نہی انسانی زندگی کی تمام جہات جیسے اعتقادی ،تعبدی ، معاشرتی ،معاشی ،سیاسی ،عدالتی وغیرہ کا احاطہ کرتے ہوئےانسانی زندگی کے لیے حدود و قیود متعین کرتا ہے تاکہ متمدن و مہذب معاشرہ کی ترویج کے ساتھ ساتھ دنیوی و اخروی فلاح کا حصول ممکن ہو سکے۔موضوع زیر بحث قرآن کا صیغہ نہی اور عائلی منکرات سے متعلق ہے ۔ قرآن کا صیغہ نہی اورعائلی منکرات کے ذریعے اللہ رب العزت بنی نوع انسان کو جہالت ، ضلالت ، نجاست سے پاک کرکے ، مقدس رشتوں میں پروکر ادب و احترام کے ذریعے مہذب بنانا چاہتاہے۔ عائلی منکرات دولفظوں کا مرکب ہے 1۔عائلی 2۔منکراتٍ

قاعدہ استصحاب کی حجیت پر اہل سنت اور اہل تشیع کی آرا ء کا تحقیقی و تقابلی مطالعہ

مصنف/مصنفین: حسین، شبیر

Istishab: It means presumption of continuity. The word "Istishab" also means the continuance of companionship. Technically it means the presumption of constant of an earlier rule or it continued absence. In this sense it means the maintenance of status with respect to the rule. The previous rule is accepted .Unless a new rule is found that goes against. It is an easy reference one may refer to "Istishab-ul-hal" as the "accompanying rule". But the fact is that, Istishab-ul-hal is not a source for establishing new rules, but it is merely a set of presumptions.

Istishab has vital importance in Islamic jurisprudence. But the authenticity and Significance of "Istishab" only can prove through arguments therefore decided to arrange a unique and comparative study of ‘Istihab” form Ahil sunnat and Ahil tashyy School of thoughts. So we can prove the rule of Istishab as an authentic and acceptable rule for all Muslim.

اللغة الإنجليزية و أثرها على اللغة العربية الإعلامية: دراسة تحليلية

مصنف/مصنفین: نواز، محمد

This research paper basically discusses the issue of influence of English language on Arabic media language along with the factors that are part of this influence. In addition to that, it also throws light on the consequences and outcomes emerging from the interaction of both languages. The English language is influencing the Arabic language and especially the Arabic media language because of hegemony of western world over the Muslim countries including the Arab countries. The result of this a lot of English words are traveling to Arabic language in various fields like information technology, Political Economics, medical, and educational fields. Obviously, there are various factors which are responsible for the influence of English language on Arabic media language including social, cultural, educational and linguistic.

أدب الأطفال عند السيد أبي الحسن علي الندوي

مصنف/مصنفین: علي، أسماء

Children's Literature” is defined as material written and produced for the information or entertainment of children and young adults. In simple terms, children’s literature comprises texts (novels, short stories, picture books, fairy tales, myths, poems) produced in various formats (print, digital, film, games) for children and young people. The first book for young people was printed in 1484 by William Cakistoon. Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi was one of the greatest writer and Islamic thinker in the second half of the twentieth century. He wrote many books in Arabic and Urdu, and wrote more than fifty books. He also wrote for children and young adults. Famous of them are: Qasas un Nabiyeen, Searat Khaatam un Nabiyeen, Al Qiraat ur Rashida, Qasas min Altarikh Al Islami and min Alnjoom ilal Arz.

Critical Study of Moral Teachings of Islam and Buddhism for Promotion of Global Peace

Author: Hussain, Mudasar
All ancient and contemporary religions of the world like Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Jainism and Islam emphasizes and attempts to uphold the highest moral and ethical values in human society in order to produce discipline and good will. Some of the religions strictly command for proper observance and submission to the laws and cannons", whereas the other religions do not stipulate strict allegiance to its principals, yet they nourish and treat human emotions and direct them for the general good of the society. On the whole, all religions aim at moral and ethical uplift of human beings, to install positivity in them and imbues the spirit of sacrifice, equality, affection, brotherhood and justice in mankind. Thus, these all facts testify that all religions, with some differences of pattern, propagate the message of love, Peace, equality, brotherhood, justice, Harmony and equity in the material age and greed-ridden epoch where individual profits and benefit overwhelm collective cause and general welfare of mankind. What we have done here in this paper is not to establish that one religion is better than the other but to demonstrate that almost all world religions stand for love, peace and harmony. There is no doubt, that all religions preach and advocate positive harmony among human beings but the message of Holy Prophet (SAW) is the only example who gave practical aspect of these theories. However, this paper elaborates this reality by a detailed comparison of Islam and Buddhism.

Contemporary Debate on Peace, Politics and Religion: A Quranic Perspective

Author: Sheik, Sajid Iqbal
In the contemporary era of conspiracy theories and practices through media prejudice, focused scholarship and policy oriented publication, Islam in general and Muslims in specific are being tinted as anti-peace and social prosperity entities. Quran as the primary source of Islamic jurisprudence provides principals for every aspect of society including polity one. This study focuses on basic Quranic injections regarding politics and their role in developing peace in contemporary society. The compatibility of Islam and democracy is one of the hottest debates among researchers of political science are also to be focusedon the study. Applyinghermeneuticsmethod and analyzing thought of key Muslim political thinkers and interpreters, this paper concludes that Quranic injections of polity and state are a vibrant source of developing peace and prosperity in historical perspective and same applicable in contemporary society, but hegemony forces feeling fear of Islamic resurgence state that Islam and democracy are incompatible and these Quranic sources are being used for creating panic in the present world.