المفتي: شروطه وآدابه
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|عنوان||المفتي: شروطه وآدابه|
The Mufti: Conditions and Moral
|یو آر آیل|
Islamic legal verdict, Mufti, Jurisprudence, fatwa.
|شکاگو 16||نطور، الضیف۔ "المفتي: شروطه وآدابه۔" البصیرۃ 2, شمارہ۔ 2 (2013)۔|
The duty of issuance Islamic legal verdict is a great job because the Mufti is the successor of the Prophets of Allah. He explains the commands of Allah — permissible and prohibited acts—and stops the disputes among the followers. The focal aspects of this research paper are the questions: What are the required conditions to be a reliable mufti? What are the points of agreement and differences among the four major schools of jurisprudence — Hanafi, Maliki, Shafa’i and Hanbali? The most important area of this paper is the question: What are the protocols and etiquettes of the procedure of issuance of a fatwa, the legal verdict, in our contemporary societies. In the first part of this paper, the analytical evaluation of the arguments presented by prominent jurists of the four major schools of Islamic Jurisprudence. This part suggests some points to reset the preferences because it is the need of time. The second part of the paper opines a number of suggestions to improve the manners, etiquettes and protocols of the procedure on part of a mufti. A mufti, being a representative of the seat of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) , is not only responsible to Allah Almighty but also to wellbeing, security, and peace among the members of our society.