Volume 2 Issue 2
Urdu title page of volume 7 issue 2 of Al-Basirah.
|Language||English, Urdu, Arabic|
|Edited by||Syed Abdul Ghaffar Bukhari|
National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad (Pakistan)
|Frequency||2 issues per year|
|ISO 4||Find out here|
سرکاری مناصب و ذرائع کا ذمہ دارانہ استعمال: تعلیمات نبوی کی روشنی میں
مصنف/مصنفین: Bukhari، Syed Abdul Ghaffar
Allah is the real owner of sovereignty and ruler of the
universe. He honored the man in this world being His representative. The position awarded to Man is itself a very important responsibility. He cannot fulfil his obligations until he may be in a position to maintain balance between his rights and duties. This approach based on moderation is a realistic demand from the ruler and the people to be ruled as well. Ruler should use this authority with care. Ruler of a country possesses official authority as a sacred responsibility. Coming to a broader sense, one can say that all government and non-government positions and offices have been delegated powers and authorities. So it is necessary to use them responsibly. On the contrary, if these authorities are abused, entire social system will be spoiled. Prophet (r) of Islam was the first ruler who set such ethical standards that should be followed by the rulers of the world. Therefore, it is important that eligible individuals be appointed to important positions. We have clear and practical guidance from teachings of Prophet Muhammad (r) in this regard.
زیب و زینت میں لباس کی شرعی حیثیت
مصنف/مصنفین: Akbar، Sabeen
Fashionable dressing is a very sensitive issue for females, it creates sometimes confusion that what are the limits and orders of “Shariah” for it. So I try to inform all females a proper dress code in the light of Islamic “Shariah”. Islam is not against the fashion but it says that it should be only for “Mahrams” and it should not be out of limits. So the article deals to clarify needs and importance of dress, dress codes in Islam as well as the usage of different type of dressings like thin, fitted, expensive and costly, male dresses, uneven (not according to Islam) etc. It will clarify the confusion which makes us confused in fashionable dressing and how much it is allowed to keep them in use. Islam has provided guidance in dressing like in any other fields of life as well as fashion is allowed by Allah as blessing but according to the rules and regulation of Islamic “Shariah” and do not try to go against it. That is why we have to be aware and careful while fashioning.
This article highlights the role of media in the contemporary world. Man since his birth had bestowed with quest to enfold the encompassing surroundings. In addition, due to his very nature, it is almost impossible for him to keep himself indifferent from environment. With the process of time, his primitive means of communication enhanced to the level that is playing a vital role in the current globalized social set up. Consequently, string of communication has been expended and manifested in print, electronic and social media. Media can play a very constructive, positive and meaningful role in accordance with the parameters laid down in Islam. But at the same time, it has a negative edge that can put human social set up in chaos and destruction. Current situation is that media specially western media is plaing a very undesirable role that is not only detrimental for the world as a whole, but specifically for the Muslim World. Greater responsibility lies on the shoulders of media to play his positive and apostolic role. In the article, the writer highlights the incredible role of media for establishment of interfaith harmony and peace in human society. He stresses that man is in nuclear era, the situation is very tense and little mis-happening can destroy the whole world.
اسلامی معیشت اور امداد باہمی کا تصور
مصنف/مصنفین: Mehdi، Afiya
Islam is the only religion which is complete code of life. The needs of human beings have been felt and addressed properly. In spite of created by only one creator humans are different in their potentials, behavior and attitude. Owing to this difference, the incomes of people are drastically different from each other. As a result, a few people are rich and well off whereas some are poor- being up to sustenance level. Therefore, people cooperate with each other to eliminate the class differences of social strata. In this perspective, Islam has given an invulnerable perfect socio-economic system. For mutual cooperation, Islam has also addressed the issue and suggested different steps such as madharabah, partnership and tenancy. Bedsides Islam has also focused on secondary resources of mutual cooperation and support that are typically related to the personal concern. It includes: sacrifice, gift, free lending and Qarz-e- Hasanah etc. It also reflects that the man gives precedence to congregational matters over his individuality which is an ample example of mutual cooperation. In fact, mutual cooperation is one of those key factors on which the edifice of prosperous society is built. All religions and ideologies have focused and emphasized on the mutual cooperation; however, Islam lays extra emphasis to build a strong and thriving human state.
Before the advent of Islam, women were living in worst conditions during the Era of Ignorance. Daughters were buried alive. Women were openly sold in the market. A woman was just a source of enjoyment for males and nothing else. She had no basic rights. Even she had no share in inheritance. In human history, it is Islam that for the first time gave due respect to woman by providing her basic rights and proper status. Islam believes in equality of men and women – ‘Equality’ does not mean ‘to become identical’. Women’s rights in Islam pertain to Spiritual, Economic, Educational and Legal Rights. A woman can adopt any profession, she wants. Thus, she has got full freedom to live a happy and peaceful life. Unfortunately, there are many people who believe that because Islam gives men the right of having authority over their wives, therefore, men are superior to women and that men have priority over women in all matters. The fact is that according to Islamic teachings, men are not superior to women; and so women are not superior to men. There is no gender discrimination in Islam. Allah Almighty states very clearly in the Holy Quran that superior in His eyes are only those who have more taqwa (fear of Almighty Allah).
المفتي: شروطه وآدابه
مصنف/مصنفین: نطور، الضیف
The duty of issuance Islamic legal verdict is a great job because the Mufti is the successor of the Prophets of Allah. He explains the commands of Allah — permissible and prohibited acts—and stops the disputes among the followers. The focal aspects of this research paper are the questions: What are the required conditions to be a reliable mufti? What are the points of agreement and differences among the four major schools of jurisprudence — Hanafi, Maliki, Shafa’i and Hanbali? The most important area of this paper is the question: What are the protocols and etiquettes of the procedure of issuance of a fatwa, the legal verdict, in our contemporary societies. In the first part of this paper, the analytical evaluation of the arguments presented by prominent jurists of the four major schools of Islamic Jurisprudence. This part suggests some points to reset the preferences because it is the need of time. The second part of the paper opines a number of suggestions to improve the manners, etiquettes and protocols of the procedure on part of a mufti. A mufti, being a representative of the seat of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) , is not only responsible to Allah Almighty but also to wellbeing, security, and peace among the members of our society.
قواعد التفسير نشاتھا وتطورھا
مصنف/مصنفین: الحق، سمیع، نصر من اللہ
Rules of Tafseer are basically concerned with understanding meaning of the Holy Qur’an and learn how to take advantage of it. This article preliminary defines the importance of Rules of Tafseer of the Qur’an and also elaborates the different terminologies associated with rules of Tafseer and how these rules are made and developed with the passage of time. This paper also provides an insight into the previous and current studies carried out in the field of Rules of Tafseer. In the beginning, the Rules of Tafseer were considered as part of Usool-e-Fiqh, Tafseer and Qur’anic Science. The knowledge and awareness about Rules of Tafseer was actually accumulated from the Holy Qur’an, Hadith, teachings’ of Sahabah (R. A) , Usool-e-Fiqh, Arabic grammar, books of Quranic Science and books of Tafseer, while later on new books were introduced in 14th century.
The authors approach towards the text of some narrators is neither absolute acceptance nor absolute refusal to their texts regardless of whether they are authentic or unauthentic. Hence, it should be noted that even the authentic narrator’s text can be rejected on the basis of the context in which the text is narrated. Likewise, the unauthentic narrator’s text should not be rejected in context where the narrator is assumed to be authentic. The narrator might have been of weak memorisation, but his text may be accepted because of his long companionship to that particular Sheikh whereby he acquires strength. This research is limited to the unauthentic narrators whose text about a particular Bukhari, Muslim and Nisei. The objective is to extract these unauthentic narrators out of the men of Bukhari, Muslim and Nisei depending on the judgments of the critics that are related to the documentation of the unauthentic narrator and the acceptance of his text reported about a particular Sheikh, through the reviewing of reliable references. The study also aims to the extraction of the narrations of those narrators in Bukhari, Muslim and Nisei and its study in terms of text in order to know how the classifier quotes those narrators.
زواج المسيار: حقيقته و حكمه
مصنف/مصنفین: Ilyas، Muhammad
The term “Nikah Misyar” (translated sometimes as “travellers’ marriage” or “marriage of convenience”) is not found in the Qur’an, Sunna or classical works of Islamic jurisprudence. It is a term that has been introduced recently. However, the concept can be found being discussed in the works of classical Muslim jurists (fuqaha) . This is a marriage contract between a man and a woman, with the condition that the spouses give up one, two or several of their rights by their own free will. Some people consider that the misyar marriage can meet the needs of young people whose resources are too limited to settle down. However, there have been some (Sunni) scholars and organizations that have opposed the concept of Nikah Misyar altogether. As for the Islamic ruling concerning such marriages, there are two issues to consider: 1) Validity and permissibility; and 2) Appropriateness. Different scholars gave different opnions regarding these two imporatant issues. In this article, Nikah/zawaj Misyar was discussed in detail, describing different point of views and ruling in facvour and against Nikah Misyar.
A True Vision of Human Rights in Islam
Author: Tahir, Atique, Attaullah Mahmood Wattoo
If one accepts the premise of the Old Testament that Adam was created in the image of God, this implies that the divine stamp gives human beings a high value of worth. In similar vein, the Quran says: Surely we have accorded dignity to the Sons of Man. So too, in the Bhagavad-Gita: Who sees his Lord Within every creature deathlessly dwelling amidst the mortal: That man sees truly. Put another way, in a religious context, every human being is considered sacred. Believing in a common universal Divine force, which gives rise to a common humanity and from this flows a universality of certain rights. Since the rights stem from a divine source, they are inalienable by mortal authority. This concept is found not only in the Judaeo-Christian tradition but in Islam in its more advanced and wider perspective. The present study is an attempt to provide an epilogue on human rights given in the Qur’an and Sunnah. It is an in-depth analysis of Human Rights and dignity of person, encompassing its various dimensions. The study is an attempt to understand the true philosophy of human rights in Islam. It aims at providing an ethical and legal basis for the realization of implementation of human rights in the world states in general and in the Muslim states in particular.
Defending Prophet’s Integrity in the Light of Shariah & Contemporary Work
Author: Begum, Uzma
Defending Prophet’s honor is religious and social duty of every Muslim, The Holy Prophet (r) being more valuable than our own lives and souls. The theme of love rests in its high correlation with obedience. That the one whom someone loves, his obedience and submission to him becomes easier, even to the extent of contentment and pleasure. Love of Allah and Holy Prophet (r) has been stressed upon in the article so that obedience of Allah and his Prophet and submission to them is expressed as easy and doable, and an instigation to avoid disobedience is generated. Success of a man lies in obedience of Allah and that of Holy Prophet (r) . In this article, the facet of “Love” with Holy Prophet (r) has been comprehensively narrated. The prophet was deputed to be obeyed and followed to the dooms day unchecked of followers’ class, color or ethnicity. Such unconditioned following required his person to be of an extensively inclusive character, which it did, and that every single instant of his esteemed life is preserved. The most divinely of the services is moral building of nations on practical patterns. One way is of preaching, while even cultured is to assemble written material to be followed for long or elsewise forcefully bind people to follow ethical doctrines and avoid vice.