Volume 3 Issue 2
Title Page of Rahat-ul-Quloob July-December 2019
|Discipline||Tafir, Hadith, Sirah, Fiqh, Sufism, Islamic History|
|Double Blind Peer Review|
|Language||Urdu, Arbic, English|
|Edited by||Syed Bacha Agha|
|History||January, 2017-to present|
Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta (Pakistan)
|License||Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. CC BY|
|ISO 4||Find out here|
الحمدللہ، ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن پاکستان کےشعبہ اکیڈمک کےاجلاس منعقدہ27دسمبر2018ءمیں ششماہی تحقیقی مجلہ ‘’راحۃ القلوب‘’کومنظور کرتے ہوئے Yکیٹیگری تفویض کی گئی اور26اپریل2019ء کو باقاعدہ لیٹرجاری کیاگیا۔ ہم اس کامیابی پر مجلس ادارت،مشاورت اورمجلس جائزہ کےتمام اراکین کومبارکبادپیش کرتےہیں۔یقیناًیہ محض اللہ تعالیٰ کےفضل وکرم،مجلس ادارت/مشاورت اورمجلس جائزہ کے اراکین کی بہترین رہنمائی اور بہی خواہوں کی دعاؤں سےممکن ہوا ہے۔ہم مزید بھی توقع رکھتے ہیں کہ مذکورہ مجالس کے جملہ اراکین اور تمام بہی خواہ اپنی قیمتی آراء سے ہمیں ہر وقت نوازیں گے تاکہ تحقیق کا یہ سفرہمیشہ کامیابی سے ہمکنار رہےاور ساتھ ہی اللہ رب کریم سے دعا گو ہیں کہ وہ حاسدین کی نظر بدسے بچائیں۔حسد اللہ تبارک وتعالیٰ کی نعمتوں کے مقابلے میں اِظہار ناراضی ہے اور جو چیزیں رب ذوالجلال نے اپنے بندے کو عنایت کی ہیں حاسد اُن سے اِنکار کرتا ہے،ارشاد ربانی ہے کہ: إِن تَمسَسكُم حَسَنَةٌ تَسُؤهُم(اگر آپﷺکوبھلائی پہنچےتو اُن کوبُرا لگتا ہے)لہذا اللہ تعالیٰ ‘’راحۃ القلوب‘’ کوایسےلوگوں کی شرسےمحفوظ رکھے۔آمین یارب العالمین
جب سے مجلہ کو ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن پاکستان کی طرف سے منظور کیا گیا ہے تو اہل علم کی جانب سے کثیرتعداد میں مقالات موصول ہونے لگے۔اگرچہ ادارہ کو اس بات پر سخت ناراضی ہے کہ جب تک مجلہ ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن سے منظور نہیں ہوا تھا تو بہت کم محققین اپنے مقالات بھیجا کرتے تھےاور جب بھیجتے بھی تھے تو پہلے کیٹیگری کا پوچھتے، جبکہ اب مقالات کی بھرمار ہے جن میں ہر قسم کے رطب ویابس بھی شامل ہوتےہیں،لیکن بہرحال ادارہ اس چیز کو خاطر میں لائےبغیراپنےاصول اورمعیارکومدنظر رکھ کر ہر آنے والے مقالے کو اپنے نمبر آنے پر شائع کرتاہے۔اب اس مرحلے پر جبکہ مقالات کثیرتعداد میں موصول ہونے لگے اور ہر ایک اپنے مقالہ کی اشاعت کیلئےجلدی میں ہے،جوکسی صورت بھی ممکن نہیں۔اس سلسلےمیں ادارہ نےاراکین ادارت ومشاورت کےاجلاس کو ناگزیرقرار دیا تاکہ ایک لائحہ عمل ترتیب دیاجاسکے۔لہذااس سلسلےمیں اراکینِ ادارت ومشاورت کےمختلف اجلاس کراچی و کوئٹہ میں منعقد ہوئے۔پہلااجلاس 05 /جنوری2019ءکوکراچی میں شکاگوامریکہ سےآئےہوئےمجلس مشاورت کےرکن پروفیسرڈاکٹرمحمدمشتاق کلوٹاکی زیرصدارت جبکہ دوسرااجلاس12/جنوری2019ءکوکوئٹہ میں پروفیسرڈاکٹرعبدالعلی اچکزئی کی زیرصدارت منعقدہوا۔ مجلس ادارت و مشاورت کے اراکین نے بالمشافہ،ویڈیوکانفرنس اور واٹس ایپ کے ذریعے شرکت کی جبکہ بعض اراکین نے فیصلوں کی تائید کی۔مذکورہ اجلاسوں میں مجلہ کےایڈیٹرڈاکٹرسیدباچاآغا کومختلف مسائل ومشکلات کےباوجودبلوچستان جیسےپسماندہ صوبےسے ایک علمی وتحقیقی مجلے کےاجراء اور پھر ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن کی جانب سے اسےY کیٹیگری ملنے پر مبارکباد پیش کی اور ان کی کارکردگی کو سراہا ۔ اجلاس میں مجلہ سے متعلق مختلف امور کا جائزہ لیا گیااورمتفقہ طور پر درج ذیل فیصلے کئے گئے
تحقیقی مجلہ ‘’راحۃ القلوب‘’ہر حال میں ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن پاکستان کے جملہ قواعدوضوابط کو مدنظر رکھ کرشائع کیا جائےگا۔ہائیرایجوکیشن کمیشن پاکستان کی پالیسی کےمطابق ٪19 یا اس سے کم پلیجیرزم کا مقالہ قابل اشاعت ہوگا۔ تحقیقی مجلہ‘’راحۃ القلوب‘’کوموصول ہونے والےتمام مقالہ جات اشاعت سے قبل کوئٹہ میں موجود اراکین ادارت و مشاورت سے ابتدائی ملاحظہ ومنظوری کے بعد اندرون وبیرون ملک تحکیم / جائزہ Reviewکیلئے ارسال کئے جائیں گے۔
اردو اور عربی مقالات صرف ایک محقق کےنام سےشائع کئےجائیں گے۔اگر کوئی محقق ایم فل یا پی ایچ ڈی سکالر ہوتومحقق کے ساتھ ساتھ اسکے نگران/سپروائزر کا نام بھی شائع کیا جائے گا۔اسی طرح اگر ایک ہی موضوع پر 2 محققین ایم فل یا پی ایچ ڈی کررہے ہوں تو اس صورت میں بھی دونوں محققین کے نام شائع کئے جائیں گےالبتہ انگریزی مقالات 2ناموں سے شائع کئے جاسکتے ہیں۔
چونکہ مدیر کو کثیر تعداد میں مقالہ جات موصول ہوتے ہیں اس لئے تمام موصول ہونے والے مقالہ جات وصولی کے اعتبار سے نمبرو تاریخ کو مدنظر رکھ کر ترتیب وار ونمبروار شائع کئے جائیں گے۔ اس لئے تمام معزز اہل قلم اس سلسلے میں اپنے مقالہ جات کی اشاعت کیلئے اپنے نمبر کا انتظار کریں اور جلدی اشاعت کیلئے مجلس انتظامی کو مجبور نہ کریں۔
Acceptance Letterصرف اسی وقت جاری کیا جائے گا جب مقالہ کے دونوں (اندرون وبیرون ملک) تحکیم / جائزہ Reviewرپورٹ اثبات میں ہو۔ایک محقق کے نام سے مسلسل دو شماروں میں کسی کا مقالہ شائع نہیں کیا جائے گا۔ امیدہےکہ اہل علم ان فیصلوں کی تائیدفرماکرہمارےدست وبازوبنیں گےتاکہ مجلہ مزیدکامیابی سے ہمکنارہو۔
ڈاکٹر سید باچا آغا
مدیر ششماہی تحقیقی مجلہ‘’راحۃ القلوب‘’کوئٹہ
In Sharia (Islamic Law), the interpretation of any law to solve an issue or problem with a logical verdict, of an individual in society or state, is called Fatwahs. Fatwahs are issued from the religious institutions, called “Marakiz e Ifta”. While the “Muftees” are considered the sole authority to disperse and verdict for all issues in an Islamic society or state. Without the interpretation of Muftees, the solution for all issues in an Islamic society is impossible. No individual can deny the importance of “Fiqh” and “Fatwahs” in Islamic society. These religious practices and services of Muftees with Fiqah, have been existing since its origin. In the same way, such services and practices are present in Quetta city as in the other regions of Pakistan. In this study, the researcher has analyzed the following aspects such as: Muftees, their religious Fatawahs and Maddaris, their establishment, services and practices regarding these Fatawahs and its characteristics, the merit of an issue for a verdict and the importance of these Fatawahs on official level. The objectives of this study are the analysis of the services of Muftees and Maddaris of Quetta. That the Muftees and Maddaris have practiced and served the general public as in the other regions of Pakistan.
The research site for this study was Quetta city. The research toll was interview technique while the respondents or participants for this study were religious Schalors. Data was collected and analyzed by the researcher. This study comes within the qualitative research paradigm.
There is quite difference between ownership and right of use in other words usufruct, at present this term is widely used in Islamic financial institutions for beneficial ownership. But the use of this term is entirely changed from western law and Islamic law. Particularly in Islamic law, legality of a product or things depends on its objectives. In this article it has been discussed in detail in the light of different school of thoughts of Islamic jurisprudence.
The institution of ‘Gift’ (ہبہ) is common in every religion. Every religion promo-tes this practice, as it is a tool to create sense of love and affection between the giver and the receiver. Similarly, Islam encourages its followers to perform it from time to time and spread sense of love and affection. The holy Prophet (Peace and Mercy be upon him) not only ordered the believers of Islam to exchange gifts but also, he himself was habitual of distributing things among the Muslims as gifts. Here, in this article, this exercise of the ‘Gift’ is discussed. Firstly, its lexical and terminological meanings are mentioned and supported with verses of the holy Quran and the traditions of the holy Prophet (PBUH). Furthermore, its need and importance are given consideration. Secondly, kinds of the ‘Gift’ are specified, which are ‘Gift of existing things and non-existing things’. Then the existing things are divided into ‘Devisable and non-devisable items’. In the end the concept of possession in the ‘Gift’ is stated. Along with all this opinions of the five schools of thoughts i.e. Hanafi, Maliki, Shafai, Hanbali and Shia, and their basis regarding possession of the ‘Gift’ are presented.
Islam is considered to be the religion of nature due to its originality and suitability to human nature for all times or centuries. It continues to be successful in the developed world, and elsewhere, because its call is in accordance with the fitrah or natural inclinations of mankind. Allah, subhanahu wata'aala, is the creator of mankind and therefore knows his nature more intricately than mankind himself. Allah has therefore chosen for us a religion best suited to the nature of mankind, a religion that goes neither to the extremes of hardship nor of laxity, but instead provides a middle path; in other words, a religion of ease. Islam does not lay on people tasks that they cannot do or they will have difficulty in doing. Whenever, there is any difficulty performing any religious obligation faced by Muslims, they have provided an element of ease and comfort. In this regard, the focus of this paper is to throw light on the notion of ease and leniency of Islam.
محدثين كے ہاں قراء ثلاثہ كا مقام و مرتبہ اور علم حديث ميں ان كى خدمات
مصنف/مصنفین: الحیی، عبد، محمد اسماعیل
Allah Himself has taken the responsibility to protect the Holy Quran and the Hadith of the Holy Prophet. He Himself has provided the sources of their protection. One of the means of the protection that was the creation of such a group of the Qura who not only served the Holy Quran but also provided worth mentioning services in Ahadith of the Holy Prophet. But their services are hidden from us. By Qura the researcher means those Qura whose recitation styles and narrations are studied and taught in the different quarters of the world who are known as Qura Saba & Ashra (سبعہ وعشرہ). They are ten imams each with two Ravi’s. They are thirty Qura in total. I have selected only last three Imam & their two narrators in this Article. These Qurra are known as Qurra Thlathah (قراء ثلاثہ). The services of these imams have been highlighted in the light of the following eleven Ahadith books. Sihah: Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sahih Ibn-e-Habban, Sahih Ibn-e-Khuzeema. Sunan: Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Sunan al-Nasai, Sunan Ibn Majah, and Sunan al-Kubra. Masaneed: Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad Abu Ya`la al-Mawsili. How many people have reported them and what is the standard of the weakness and soundness of those narrators have also been discussed in this article. Besides these books of Ahadith, these Ahadith have been searched in other books of Ahadith also. The status of these Qura has been explained in the light of the commentary of Muhadithin. Whether Ahadith critics have declared them thiqa or weak or have declared them as average sadooq. The most important thing is that there is no one weak reporter in these imam qura. Two out of three imam qura are ranked as thiqa and one sadooq. And among the narrators of these qura one is thiqa, one sadooq, and nobody are weak reporters. There is silence about the remaining four reporters of these qura. The reason is that there is no hadith reported from them. Because of all this their religious and scholarly authenticity could be determined. The narrations of these thalathah (ثلاثہ) Qura are confined to reporting the Holy Quran but they have also reported about every part of fiqh and they have been utilized and refered to
Music and the instruments used for it are forbidden clearly in Quran and Sunnah. The Prophet Muhammad SAW warned us about its punishment in hereafter. Along with it due to its attraction to human’s interests, Music is often added to various programs. Besides listening it in songs, it is used as background in various audios and videos. The aim of this background music is to make the program more effective and attractive to the audience. As nowadays TV and Radio are also being used as means of preaching Islam, especially in the current age of social media many web and social media channels have been emerged to propagate Islam. One of the main problems been faced by these channels is forbidden of music in Islam, due to which the public does not take enough interest in them as compared to other entertainment channels. In this paper after discussing shariah status of Music I have tried to come up with various alternate ways to make the religious and Islamic Programs more attractive and effective to the people.
احکام القرآن میں اسلوب تفسیر اور امام جصاص پر نقد: تجزیاتی مطالعہ
مصنف/مصنفین: فاروق، یاسر، زاہد فاروق
Imam Abu bakar al-jassas is famous jurist of Hanafi school of thought. He wrote a great interpretation of Quran named Ahkam ul Quran. He has written more than fifteen books. In his interpretation of Quran, he doesn’t interpret all Qur’anic verses, as is done by other commentators. He just explains the verses, which have directly a connection with fiq'h ul Ahkam. Al-jassas usually expresses his teachers as al-sarkhasi and other Hanafi's preferred opinion, and always gives systematic reasons for his preference. In the beginning of this article the methodology and characteristics of this interpretation are described in detail. There are many features in Ahkam ul quran that we have expressed i.e. Ahkam ul Quran is based on conventional narration, authentic quotations from the Islamic scholars and lingual and grammatical discussion with a critical explanation of Qur’anic words from lexical to technical and connection on the basis of grammatical and syntax regulations and illustration of differences between synonyms. He had been blamed by some traditionalists that he interprets some verses in wrong perspective and he discussed many irrelevant points in this. This article is an analytical study about these allegations. The result of this study is that kind of attitude towards his book is quite wrong by nature because imam Al-jassas describes his opinion in the light of his school of thought. Although, he got an Aggressive Behavior towards some famous Personalities of Islam, which is Inappropriate. In the end of study, the paper concludes that nobody can deny the importance of his interpretation at all.
Biotechnology has helped to improve the quality of people’s lives over ten thousand years. Today’s biotechnologies vary in application and over the last century, the number and range of biotechnologies have rapidly increased. A key to this increase was the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, leading to numerous applications, particularly in forensics, medicine and agriculture. There are some strong religious and ethical views and observations regarding the advancement of this technology. Biotechnology involving practices such as organ transplants, manipulating human embryos and using animal in research may be particularly offensive to some groups of people, while the fundamental aim of this technology is to meet human needs or demands to improve the quality of life. Ethics and Xenotransplantation, Ethics and Zebrafish, Ethics and organ donation and Designer Babies have become today’s controversial issues. This article aims to explore these issues and analyze as per religious ethical values and standards.
اقتصادی بحران اور ہنگامی صورتحال پر قابو پانے کیلئے سیدنا عمر کے اقدامات کا تحقیقی جائزہ
مصنف/مصنفین: حبشی، عبد الطیف، منیر احمد خان
This paper describes the policies and methods followed by Sayyedna Umar Bin Khattab when he was faced with the year of ar- Ramadah (a year of economic crisis and crisis management) Sayyedna Umar’s awareness of the responsibility of ruling before Allah overwhelmed him and he did not leave any means spiritual or worldly, of dealing with famine and lack of rainfall, but he resorted to it. He continually prayed and asked for forgiveness, and he was always keen to provide food to Muslims, Thinking of his people, those who has come to Madina and those who had remained in the desert. He dealt with the whole situation in an efficient manner. Sayyedna Umar set up the refugee camps during the economic crisis, He asked the people of other regions for aid and prayed for rain. He also took the bold steps of delaying Zakat payments and suspending hadd punishment for stealing, until the rains finally came and life returned to normal.
غرر، سلم اور استصناع کی حقیقت
مصنف/مصنفین: کھوسہ، اعجاز علی
This paper is the study of three modes of business and transactions including Gharar, Salam and Istisna’, widely used in Islamic Banking and Islamic Financial Institutions. This study delving in Fiqh Literature brings to the fore the juristic status of all three modes of business and transaction supported by the arguments from Quran, Sunnah and Fiqh literature. The Objective of this paper is to remove misconceptions surround these modes of business and transactions and to clariy their legal position.
وھبۃ الزحیلی بطور فقیہ: الفقہ الاسلامی وادلتہ کا مطالعہ
مصنف/مصنفین: فاروق، سید حامد، شعیب عارف، محمد یوسف یعقوب
The development of Islamic Jurisprudence tradition over time produces the Juris-prudential product with different approaches, methodologies, and interpretations. Nowadays, the difference of opinion in the Islamic Jurisprudence is marked by the reconstruction of the jurisprudential tradition because they are no longer relevant to address the issue of masculinity. In this study, the author discusses one of the recent literatures of Islamic Jurisprudence, Al Fiqh Al Islami wa Adilatuhu, written by Wahbah Al-Zuḥaylī (1932-2015 AD). In this article, he tried to reach a compromise between classical jurisprudence with a contemporary one; this is due to some modern views that classical account is no longer able to solve the recent problems. Therefore Al-Zuḥaylī tried to integrate classical interpretation to the contemporary style with a consistent method. To find some pictures of his jurisprudential approach, the author discusses the different aspects of his masterpiece in this paper.
وکالت کی تحقیق فقہاء کرام کی نظر میں
مصنف/مصنفین: کھوسہ، امتیاز احمد
ترجيحات الشيخ ثناء الله بانی بتی في تفسير سورة الفاتحة: دراسة تطبيقية نموذجية
The topic of this research is “Preferences of Qazi Sana Ullah Pani patti in Tafseer of Surah al Fatiha, and these preferences are taken from his famous book of tafseer, named: “Tafseer al Mazhari. Qazi Sana Ullah Pani Patti is one of the most eminent scholars of Tafseer in sub-continent. He belongs to the progeny of Usman R.A. He was born in PaniPat and got his early education there. Then he travelled to Dehli for higher education of that time. His teachers include: Abdul Raheem al Umari al Dehlvi, Muhammad Abid al Sinami, Sheikh janjan al Dehlvi. Among his famous books are followings: Al Tafseer al Mazhari, Mabsoot, Al saif al Maslool, Irshad ul Talibeen, Tazkira tul Mota, Haqeeqa tul Islam, and many other books. In this research I will discuss preferences of Qazi Sana Ullah with reference to two major types of Tafeer i.e Tafseer bil riwayyah (narration) and Tafseer bil dirayyah (sound reasoning).
The aim of this study is to determine the possibility of using waste in the event of mixed with contaminants and impurities. The study aimed at extracting the legal ruling to sell the waste whether to use it in the industries as raw materials or to sell it for the purpose of landfill. The study presented the jurisprudential discussions of ancient scientists regarding the Impurities alteration (Istihlet al njasat) and sale it as well as its development in the discussion of the entry of residues that may contain impurities in industries that fall within the sphere of human consumption or within the production cycle as raw materials.The study dealt with the subject of its jurisprudence and economic dimensions to achieve the goal of research in the subject.
This article shows the Islam and its followers (Arabs) had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. The Islamic civilization in Spain encompasses many fields that left a profound imprint in the Iberian Peninsula and Europe. The cultural climate of Spain in the era of Muslim rule (711-1492) brought about a prospering of different aspects of science and culture. Numerous schools and libraries were established and books were procured due to which the majority of the people were literate. Literature and art flourished. Buildings were constructed and Islamic art with its specific qualities was cultivated. Because of that movement, Cordoba became the civilization capital of both Spain and the West in general. Many schools were established in it, such as medical and technical schools in addition to the general education and other vocational schools. Hospitals, chemical plants and observatories were also built.
Information Management From the Interpretation of Al-Quran: Study on Tafsir Nur Al-Ihsan
Author: Yusuff, Mohd Sholeh Sheh, Yusuf Haji-Othman
The development of works in the field of Quranic interpretation has grown rapidly in this age. The work in this field has been written in various major languages of the world such as Arabic, English and Malay. The resulting works contain a lot of information quoted from the works written by previous authors. For example, the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan written by Muhammad Said Omar contains a lot of information quoted from Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Baydawi and Tafsir al-Jamal. Nevertheless, this study found that the information was widely quoted by the author until there was an inaccurate information being referred to by him. Therefore, a method or system should be practiced so that the information contained in the work of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan can be managed well as well as avoid the mistakes of readers. One way to manage these resources is to identify the original work referred to by the author. The analysis of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan used the genetic approach which was published by Goldman in studying the origin of the resources. This study referred the text from Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan and the texts of works that became author's references, which are Tafsir al-Jalalyn, Tafsir al-Jamal, Tafsir al-Baydawi, Tafsir al-Khazin, Tafsir al-Baghawi, Tafsir al-Tabari, Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Tafsir al-Razi, Tafsir al-Nasafi, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Tafsir al-Tha’labi, and made a comparison of the texts to detect the similarities and differences. The result of the analysis proved that Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id implemented five methods; which are quoting the text in parallel, writing an abstract, removal of some of the words, adding explan-ation, and refuting part of the text. This study also revealed the purpose of Syeikh Muhammad Sa’id while creating his work is to strengthen the translations written. Thus, he successfully strengthens translation when the contents of the text are parallel to the reference. However, in certain places existed a text from the author's references contradicts with the content of Tafsir Nur al-Ihsan, which failed his attempt to strengthen the translation in certain part of the text.
Combating Religious Extremism in Pakistan from the Youth Perspective
Author: Faize, Fayyaz Ahmad
The rise of Islam, which emerged as a panacea for the world problems is seen as a problem itself by the west today. The reason for this blame is the rise of extremism and Islam phobia in the western societies. This has serious implicat-ions for personal, communal, national and international security. The involve-ment of youth in extremist exertions is very high. They are being more action-oriented, easy to be influenced by radical ideologies and as an agent for thrus-ting social change. Keeping in consideration the role of youth in adopting to or combatting extremism, it is imperative to find the perception of this important population about the problem under investigation. The research study was conducted in six universities in the federal capital Islamabad to reach to the youth’s population. The research was guided by research questions that aimed at exploring students’ perception about extremism and its various dimensions. The researcher collected data through an open-ended questionnaire from 1840 students to seek an in-depth understanding of the problem. In order to increase credibility in the findings, the researcher conducted focused group interview with 12 young faculty members. The data from the questionnaires were conver-ted into percentages based on common themes. The interview data set were thematically analyzed to understand the causes of extremism and its suggested solutions. Recommendations were suggested to tackle the menace of extremism in Pakistan.
Grief and Shock, Discernment and Difficulties, Their Reasons and Motives in the Light of the Teachings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH)
Author: Aziz-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Ishaq, Syed Bacha Agha
Islam has this faith that everything of the universe, small or big has come into existence with the will, power, method and knowledge of Allah. Fate is the attribution of Allah, which is the truth. It is the condition to have belief of this faith. Since, faith is the attribution of Allah and it’s impossible for anyone to know the extent of godly attributions, so the issue of fate is delicate and precise. One must only have the faith that whatever is happening in the world was already in the knowledge of Allah and god has already saved it on the safe tablet. The dilemma of fate has not been solved by anyone and it will never be solved. There must be a simple faith that whatever is happening in the world has already known by Allah as the Creator of everything is God and everything has come into existence with His creation. All the matters happening in the world are of two kinds. In some of them the will and authority is prevail. In these matters which are to be done which are not to be done orders of their execution or prohibition are given. If they are not performed because of will and authority, there will be accountability for them. Secondly, all those works which have the order of not to be performed, it is necessary not to perform them with one’s will and authority. If those works are not avoided, one must be accountable for them. There are some other works which do not involve our will and authority so, whatever happens is according to our fate. The works having our will and authority for performance will be rewarded and punished accordingly. This study explores the reasons of grief, shock, discernment and difficulties, their reasons and motives in the light of teaching of The Holy Prophet.
Worldly Portent of Face Uncovering and Women’s Dilapidation: A Comparative Study in Context With Quranic Injunctions
Author: Alam, Syed Aftab, Naseem Akhter, Shumaila Rafiq
Assyrian Text is witnessed that women used veil for face covering with an additional piece of cloth about 13 centuries before the Christ. Then history of mankind displays veil in Egyptian society that was transparent and normally white in color. We found a handful evidences in Greek literature regarding veiling of face. History travels to Anglo-Saxon age and witnessed that women used veil to cover their hair of head. The head covering shows a biological reasoning also. Roman culture was the culture of fantasy, the veils were full of colorful, and multi designed veil arranged by flowers and different beautiful substantial. In Roman, veil developed from only head covering to shoulder covering and then from head to back covering. British regime also enrich the history of veil. There was beautiful designed, decorated with net clothes and covered with beautiful embroidery. The veil was empowered by elite community in England. Later it was popularized as a fashion in colonial communities. Through this thorough historic discussion, it is approved that veil used by women has a long history as the human history. In religious context, Hinduism is understood as the oldest religion on globe, it is found that in Harappan times about 2500 BC, Aryan women used to wear full body covering single cloth from head covering to foot, which was preached in Hindu religious book Vedas also, later the single cloth was known as Sari. And after the introduction of Christianity, Veil was introduced as a compulsory symbol of religion. Veil of whole body with strict rules can be seen in the form of Christian nun. Later, Islam explained veil of women in public as an obligatory sign. Islam is the youngest religion on earth, it was published rapidly and the implication of its rules are practiced prominently. After a thorough historic and religious discussion, it if proved in this article that veil was a compulsory part of human society and religions before Islam had also preached for veiling.
Human Organ Transplantation in the Light of Islam
Author: Ahmad, Mahmood, Zahoor Ullah Al-Azhari
Organ transplantation and organ donation are an urgent problem of our time. This was done in different ways. The medical field introduces new treatments, including organ transplantation and service to humanity. It is allowed to donate organs both in Judaism and Christianity. What is allowed in the Islamic perspective, transplantation and organ donation only if they follow the goals of Islamic sharia? The human body has the honor and dignity that must be preserved in every movement of life. In the case of organ transplants, if it leads to the destruct-tion of a human being and the violation of his honor or paves the way for the abduction, which offers immorality, and in these circumstances, it should not be done. Organ donation and transplantation will be beneficial, under the supervision of a qualified transplant team. In this article, the permissibility of organ transpla-ntation in the light of Islam has been discussed.
An Analytical Study of Hazrat Abdul Rehman (RA) Ibn Samara As Conqueror of Balochistan
Author: Siddiqu, Muhammad, Hafiz Munir Ahmad
Hazrat Abdul Rehman (may Allah be pleased with him) belonged to Arab tribe of Quraish and was a close relative of Mohammad (peace be upon him). At the time of conquest of Makkah He (may Allah be pleased with him) entered the circle of Islam. He (may Allah be pleased with him) is counted among the companions of Muhammad (may Allah be pleased with him) who came to sub-continent specially Balochistan in order to preach for Islam and Jihad during the Khilafat of orthodox caliphs. He (may Allah be pleased with him) came to Balochistan twice for Jihad and conquests first during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (may Allah be pleased with him) and second time in the early era of Hazrat Muawia (may Allah be pleased with him). He (may Allah be pleased with him) played a vital role in the wars of Balochistan. He (may Allah be pleased with him) established Zehri his abode and capital after conquering Kalat, Khuazdar (Sajistan), Kachi, Gandhava, and Chaghi, and from here he expanded the series of his conquests till Kabul and Qandar. Besides this, he included many areas of sub-continent in the Islamic empire of conquered areas. His (may Allah be pleased with him) life is consists of great chapters of sincerity in deeds. Wisdom and valor, determination fearlessness, strife, hospitality, simplicity and patience. He (may Allah be pleased with him) is counted among the great generals of Islam had the honour to have carried the message of Holy faith in every corner of Balochistan in tough and unfavorable conditions and planted the flag of Islam in Balochistan forever.
Nexus between Liquidity Risk and Islamic Banking Performance
Author: Iqbal, Nadeem, Arshad Muneer Laghari, M. Mohsin
The study aims to assess liquidity risk of Islamic banking sector with Islamic banks performance working under Sharia jurisdictions. To deduct this six Islamic banks are selected of Pakistan by deploying regression analysis on panel data. Simple random sampling is used to select these banks to assess liquidity risk management tools of study. For performance profitability index is used generated by ROA, ROE and EPS. Thus the results inferred that liquidity risk proponents have significant role on bank performance and there is dire need to focus risk management compliance practices and regulations by these banks to reduce banks financial disparity. The value of study is in itself that has less focused in previous studies revealing its originality.